World's Most Dangerous Locations

By: Jessica B, Addison F, Abby P, and Brandon N

Introduction

There are places all around the globe that are headlined in the news for various natural causes. There are many different tectonic plates and scales of danger. In this article, Chile, Tokyo, Sumatra, and Seattle are scaled by danger. These locations are just some of the most dangerous cities and countries that have been devastated by tectonic movement.

Chile, South America

Seattle, Washington

Location

Located on the North West coast of North America, Seattle, Washington is known to have the Microsoft headquarters and the world’s largest Starbucks coffee chain in the world. Seattle is a very wonderful places the climate is cool and wet. Seattle has 35.9 inches out of 36.5 for the US and also Seattle has a higher comfort index. Comfort index recognizes the impact that the weather has on people. Seattle is a small city but it has all the activities associated with a major city.


Plate Boundaries

Seattle sits right on a plate boundary between the Juan De Fuca Plate and the North American Plate. Scientist recently discovered a new shadow fault right underneath the city of Seattle, Washington. The people of Seattle experience earthquakes all the time, but are not felt by people. Being right in between two plates and being right on a fault line witch possibly means that there could be even more activity in the area.


Risk

In conclusion Seattle has it downs like high gas, and high crime rate. Seattle is also in risk of earthquakes and the prediction of a major earthquake following the Japan and Chile earthquakes. Scientist predicts that there is a 40 percent chance of having a mega earthquake in the next thirty years.


Tokyo, Japan

Located in the southeastern side of Japan, is a city called Tokyo. Tokyo has a population a little over 13,200,000 residents living there. This city is one of the world’s largest populated cities and also one of the most high-tech in the world. With all of the tall skyscraper and buildings in Tokyo, earthquakes are to be aware of.



Tokyo is located on the Eurasian tectonic plate boundary. The Eurasian plate extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Including Europe, mainland Asia except the Indian subcontinent, and Japan and Indonesia. This plate is a convergent, this means that the two plate boundaries collide together. When they collide, one of the plates slips under the other. As a result of the pressure and friction, volcanoes and earthquakes are common near convergent boundaries.



With around 1,500 earthquakes per year in Japan, Tokyo feels very faint earthquakes. About one small faint earthquake every couple days, but no one notices it. The highest recorded earthquake topping at a 7.9 magnitude near Tokyo was in 1923 when the earthquake known as “The Great Kanato Earthquake” killing about 180,000 people. This caused major damage costing around 15 million dollars. Japan has a high percentage of earthquakes therefore saying that Tokyo may not be the safest place to live.







Sumatra, Southern Asia

Geography

Sumatra is an Indonesian country bordering the Indian Ocean and is located near the much smaller, connected countries of Malaysia and Thailand. Since Sumatra resides near the equator, it bears a naturally tropical climate with temperatures around 70-86 degrees. Weather can vary from hot and humid days, to unrelenting downpours of rain. Many tourists travel to Sumatra to see the many attractions set out for them, but overall, it can be a very dangerous place for the average person to live.


Dangers

With the biggest strike-slip earthquake ever recorded lying just below the Indo-Australian plate’s belt, Sumatra is pegged a rather dangerous place on terms of unprecedented earthquakes. The Indo-Australian tectonic plate is categorized as divergent, meaning that the two plates that make up this boundary are constantly pulling and stretching away from each other. Scientists concluded that the earthquake that had occurred in the April of 2012 had major aftershocks that were, in fact, felt from all around the world. This earthquake’s magnitude reached a whopping 8.7, and because of this earthquake, the Indo-Australian Plate has now slowly begun to split into two separate parts. It not only endangers those of Sumatra, but also any other countries that reside on this plate.


Overall

In all, Sumatra has 34 volcanoes that lead directly down the country in a slightly curved line. Many of these volcanoes are active, while others have been labeled as “super volcanoes”, which are volcanoes that tend to have the largest eruptions. This leaves Sumatra at a pretty tricky position, where it has both brutal earthquakes and dormant volcanoes that could erupt in the near future. After the earthquake in 2012, the aftershocks caused both landslides and a tsunami, spreading the effects of the quake to 14 different countries. It took an estimated two billion dollars to repair all of the damage caused by this massive obstruction. Altogether, the small country of Sumatra is, in fact, one of the most dangerous places in the world.

Conlcusion

In conclusion, tectonic plates cost places millions of dollars and murders millions of people each year. Tokyo, Sumatra, Seattle, and Chile are a few of the most dangerous places in the world. These four locations that were explained in the articles above all share similar characteristics and attributes that all tie in with their own tectonic boundaries. They are all dangerous in their own way, whether it be threatened by volcanic eruptions or earthquakes; the aftermath resulting in these locations having been rendered as some of the most dangerous places.

Cites

Chile
"http://www.nationsonline.org/ http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld ..." 2007. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.nationsonline.org/urllist.txt>
"Historic Earthquakes - Earthquake Hazards Program - USGS." 2009. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1960_05_22_articles.php>
"Volcano eruption news and activity updates ... - VolcanoDiscovery." 2010. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/news/chile_argentina.html>
Sumatra
"Sumatra's volcanoes (Indonesia) - VolcanoDiscovery." 2009. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/indonesia/sumatra.html>
"BBC News - April Sumatra quakes signal Indian ocean plate break-up." 2012. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19732681>
"Indo-Australian Plate Splitting." 2012. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.voanews.com/content/scientists-say-indo-australian-plate-splitting-in-two/1517953.html>
Tokyo, Japan

"Convergent boundary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." 2004. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convergent_boundary>
"How Shifting Plates Caused the Japan Earthquake - Interactive ..." 2011. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/03/11/world/asia/maps-of-earthquake-and-tsunami-damage-in-japan.html>
"Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami: How They Happened | PBS ..." 2011. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/03/japans-earthquake-and-tsunami-how-they-happened.html>

Seattle, Washington

"New study finds Seattle in danger from a massive earthquake | MNN ..." 2009. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/stories/new-study-finds-seattle-in-danger-from-a-massive>
"Seattle Tourism and Vacations: 428 Things to Do in Seattle, WA ..." 2002. 25 Feb. 2013 <http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g60878-Seattle_Washington-Vacations.html>

"The Seattle Times | News, sports, weather, events in the Northwest." 25 Feb. 2013 <http://seattletimes.com/>