Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
By: Ariel Reese
Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Often begin soon after a women first begins having periods
PCOS can develops later during the reproductive years, for instance, in response to substantial weight gain.
Need to have at least two of the following
- Irregular period: (Ex) menstrual intervals longer than 35 days; fewer than eight menstrual cycles a year; failure to menstruate for four months or longer; and prolonged periods that may be scant or heavy
- Excess Androgen: Elevated levels of male hormones (androgens) may result in physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), adult acne or severe adolescent acne, and male-pattern baldness (androgenic alopecia).
- Polycystic ovaries: Polycystic ovaries become enlarged and contain numerous small fluid-filled sacs which surround the eggs.
Signs and Symptoms(Cont.)
- Irregular periods
- Absence of menstruation
- Hair thinning and loss
- Abnormal skin discoloration
- Excessive facial and body hair
- High blood pressure
- Weight gain
- Depression and Stress
There's no specific test to definitively diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome, but there are different ways to try and see if the women has PCOS
- Physical Exam
- Pelvic Exam
- Blood Tests
- weight loss through a low-calorie diet combined with moderate exercise activities.
To regulate your menstrual cycle, your doctor may recommend combination birth control pills — pills that contain both estrogen and progestin. If you dint want birth control pills you can get the skin patch or vaginal ring that contain the same hormones