Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

By: Ariel Reese

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Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

This is a chronic endocrine disorder in women, it is characterized by elevated levels of male hormones(androgens), infertility, obesity, insulin resistance, hair growth on the face and body, and anovulation: a condition in which the ovaries produce few or no eggs.

Often begin soon after a women first begins having periods

PCOS can develops later during the reproductive years, for instance, in response to substantial weight gain.


Need to have at least two of the following

  • Irregular period: (Ex) menstrual intervals longer than 35 days; fewer than eight menstrual cycles a year; failure to menstruate for four months or longer; and prolonged periods that may be scant or heavy
  • Excess Androgen: Elevated levels of male hormones (androgens) may result in physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), adult acne or severe adolescent acne, and male-pattern baldness (androgenic alopecia).
  • Polycystic ovaries: Polycystic ovaries become enlarged and contain numerous small fluid-filled sacs which surround the eggs.

Signs and Symptoms(Cont.)

  • Irregular periods
  • Absence of menstruation
  • Hair thinning and loss
  • Abnormal skin discoloration
  • Excessive facial and body hair
  • High blood pressure
  • Acne
  • Weight gain
  • Depression and Stress
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There's no specific test to definitively diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome, but there are different ways to try and see if the women has PCOS

  • Physical Exam
  • Pelvic Exam
  • Blood Tests
  • Ultrasound


Lifestyle changes

  • weight loss through a low-calorie diet combined with moderate exercise activities.


  • To regulate your menstrual cycle, your doctor may recommend combination birth control pills — pills that contain both estrogen and progestin. If you dint want birth control pills you can get the skin patch or vaginal ring that contain the same hormones

  • Clomiphene:

  • Spironolactone