Mobilization and the Home Front
World War Two
In the Pacific Theater, the Americans had a tough fight against the Japanese. Japan had superior weapons and a well trained, highly motivated Army. The Japanese believed that to surrender was to shame one's family and one's self and would therefore fight to the death, creating a vicious monster of an army for the Americans to oppose.
In the European Theater, on June 6th, 1944, Operation Overlord took place. Allied troops stormed the beaches of Nazi-occupied France in the largest amphibian invasion in history. Approximately 4,500 Allied personnel were killed on D-Day, as it is commonly known as. Throughout the war years, America's army had grown and strengthened to become one of the top military powers in the world.
Picture to the Right) American Army.
Picture Below) Invasion of Normandy.
America also instated the Lend-Lease Act, which allowed any nation to purchase weapons with cash and transport them with their own ships. This act was seemingly neutral, but in fact was very much the opposite; Allied Power Great Britain had control of the waterways and the British economy was in much better shape than that of Germany and many other nations ruined by the Treaty of Versailles and the collapse of the American economy on Black Thursday. Without the American industry to pump out war materials, the outcome of World War Two may have been significantly different.
Picture 1) Bombers on the assembly line.
Picture 2) Tanks on assembly line.
The Role of Women on the American Home Front
Picture 1) Rosie the Riveter Propaganda Poster.
Picture 2) Women assembling shells.
Home Front Sacrifices
Rationing of numerous everyday items such as meat, gas and coffee were common. Citizens were encouraged to plant "victory gardens" and grow their own food to help the war cause. The time of rationing and sacrifices helped unite the nation as one mind.
Picture 1) Propaganda poster showcasing the gold star of a KIA family member.
Picture 2) Poster promoting Victory Gardens.
Japanese Americans Loose Civil Liberties
Picture 1) A flier showing Order 9066.
Picture 2) Japanese Americans waiting in line at an internment camp.