Fifth Disease During Pregnancy

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Description

Fifth disease is a contagious infection that is caused by the human parvovirus B19 and spread through coughing, sneezing, or bodily fluids.

Possibilities of a Woman getting infected

Approximately 1 in 400 expecting mothers in the United States are infected with Fifth disease each year.

What Are The Symptoms of The Fifth Disease?

  • Soreness in your joints which could last for several days or weeks.
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore Throat
  • Lacy red rash on the cheeks, legs, belly and neck (Typically in Children)
  • Joint Pain
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What are the Risks Involved?

Most unborn babies are not harmed if their mother gets fifth disease. But some babies do become infected. The virus can make it hard for babies to make red blood cells, which can lead to:


  • Anemia
  • Heart Failure
  • Miscarriage
  • Stillbirth


*Although it is rare, approximately 5% of the time, Fifth disease can cause complications during pregnancy.

Treatment Options

Only 5% experience a complication of concern. Usually Fifth disease is mild and will resolve on its own without any treatment in healthy children and adults.


If you're pregnant and become infected, your health care provider monitors your pregnancy carefully for problems with your baby. They might ask to have an ultrasound once a week to make sure the baby is in good health.