Christopher Columbus

From Genoa, Italy

Some facts you should know about Columbus

  • While Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy he generally sailed for the Spanish King and Queen
  • The explorer Christopher Columbus made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain in 1492, 1493, 1498 and 1502
  • He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but he never did. Instead, he accidentally stumbled upon the Americas
  • Columbus made an amazing feat by making four voyages to the New World. He returned to the Americans three more times in the following decade. His voyages took him to Caribbean islands, South America and Central America

More facts about Columbus

  • Another amazing feat is that a lunar eclipse may have saved Columbus, he was stranded in Jamaica, abandoned by half his crew and denied food by islanders
  • His most important accomplishment was making the first connection between Europeans and the Americas
  • Columbus started the Columbian Exchange, which brought the potatoe and the corn to Europe, and Africa. He also found land and named it San Saluador

In 1492 Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue

  • Columbus was a very hardworking man and was always determined to go everywhere he could
  • Columbus married a Portuguese woman, Felipa Moniz Perestrelo, in 1477. She came from a semi-noble family with useful maritime connections. She died giving birth to a son, Diego, in 1479 or 1480. In 1485, while in Córdoba

Columbus sailed from Palos, Spain, with three small ships

Sunday, Aug. 3rd 1462 at 9pm


The three ships were the Santa María, commanded by Columbus himself, the Pinta under Martín Pinzón, and the Niña under Vicente Yáñez Pinzón

Columbus' first voyage (1492-93)

The expedition left from Palos, Spain in early August 1492. No soldiers, colonists, or priests accompanied the crew, which attests to the venture's exploratory nature. On September 6, the ships headed due west, catching the favorable Canaries Current.Columbus had no charts for the waters he entered

Columbus' second voyage (1493-96)

The expedition that departed from Cádiz in September 1493, was a much more zealous undertaking, comprising 17 ships with officers and crews, 1,500 prospective colonists and a wide variety of livestock

Columbus' third voyage (1498-1500)

The third voyage departed from Seville in May 1498, with only six ships. The complaints of earlier colonists had taken their toll and Columbus was forced to include convicts among the assemblage

Columbus' fourth voyage (1502-04)

Columbus was not able to mount another venture until May 1502, when he sailed with four ships from Cádiz. His desire to locate China and its wealth was coupled by a need to restore his reputation. Columbus was denied permission to enter the colony at Hispaniola, where he remained a very unpopular figure