Heritage sites

Heritage sites

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, building, monument, complex, or city) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, scientific and cultural organisation (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance. To be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria.

Differences between a physical and a caltural site. Why should a heritage site be protected?

A physical heritage site:
1 contains superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance"

2 "is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features"

3 "is an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems, and communities of plants and animals"

4 "contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation"

A cultural heritage site:

1 "represents a masterpiece of human creative genius and cultural significance"

2 "exhibits an important interchange of human values, over a span of time, or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning, or landscape design"

3 "to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared"

4 "is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural, or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage in human history"

5 "is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change"

6 "is directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance"

Heritige sites