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Heidi Hernandez

Procedures of Civil Case

Hi guys, I will explain what each term in a civil case means in case you ever find yourselves in a trouble situation and don;t understand a concept.
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Plaintiff

is the person or group who a lawsuit

Defendant

the person who is being accused of a crime

Complaint

a formal notice of a lawsuit

Summons

the notice directing someone to appear to court to answer a complaint or charge

Pleadings

the complaint and answer combined in a civil case

Pretrial Confernce

meeting of parties regarding and action and their attroney that are held before the actual court day

Mediation

situation in which a 3rd party helps the plaintiff and defendant to reach an agreement

Arbitration

situation in which a 3rd party listens to plaintiff and defendant, reviews and makes a final decision that is binding for both

Trial

examination of evidence by a judge (before the jury), use to decide guilt or innocence of a crime

Preponderance of Evidence

convincing evidence that judge or jury base to favor a side

Verdict

the judges decision, regarding the case

Appeal

if the side that lost believes something went wrong in the case, they can request a higher court to review the case