Honduras

Natalie Wessel

Physical Geography of Honduras

Climate

Honduras has a dry season and a rainy season. The rainy season is May to September and the dry season is November to April. In Honduras the higher you get in elevation the lower the temperature gets. On the Caribbean coast there is a lot of hurricanes and tropical storms. Honduras is also in the hurricane belt.

Major Landforms in Honduras

One of the major landforms is the Interior Highlands. The interior highlands are mostly made up of mountains. The interior Highlands also has extinct volcanoes and scattered flat-floored valleys that are rich for farming and herding livestock. Another major landform is the Pacific Lowlands. The Pacific Lowlands is the smallest region and it is only 16 miles wide. Caribbean Lowlands is another major landform. The Caribbean Lowlands, also known as "the coast," produces a lot of bananas and other fruits along with vegetables. There is another major landform that is called Mosquito Coast. Mosquito Coast is one of the last untamed wildernesses and you can only reach it by boat or airplane. It is a dense rain forest that has a hot and humid climate. Some Indigenous people live in the Mosquito Coast. One last major landform is the Bay Islands. The Bay Islands have palm trees and it is a tropical island paradise. The Bay Islands are made of a lot of islands that are the tips of ancient underwater volcanoes. In the Bay Islands it rains a lot during October through February. It is also hot during the months of March through August.
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Land

Honduras has a lot of mountains. They also have a lot of rain forest or tropical areas. Honduras has the biggest rain forest north of the Amazon rain forest. That rain forest takes up 41% of Honduras' land. This rain forest is getting damaged though due to farming and logging. This is bad because that rain forest is home to many, many species of animals. Honduras has no volcanoes, but they do have wetlands. Honduras is also about the size of Tennessee in the United States of America. Honduras gets a lot of hurricanes due to being next to the ocean. The worst hurricane Honduras has got was Hurricane Mitch. Hurricane Mitch left 5,600 dead and thousands injured and lost. The wind has a little bit to do with that. The wind usually flows from East to West which brings wind from the Atlantic Ocean. Honduras is bordered by Nicaragua to the South and El Salvador to the West. One of the biggest rivers in Honduras is called the Rio Ulua. The Rio Ulua is 249 miles long. Most water systems in Honduras are unreliable, so the people have to drink from rivers or ponds.

Human Geography of Honduras

Government

In Honduras to vote Hondurans have to be at least 18 years old. Honduras' government is divided into three different branches just like the United States of America's government. Their government is divided into a legislature branch, a judicial branch, and an executive branch. In Honduras the religion that someone believes in is respected.

Population

In Honduras 1/2 of the people live in urban areas. Also 90% of the population in Honduras is a mix of Spanish and Indigenous people. Then 7% of the people are true Indigenous. 2% of the population is black. Also 1% of the population is European.

Dating and Marriage

When people in Honduras start dating they are about 15 and they date in groups with other couples. Then when they are about 18 they start dating alone. If the couple are urban and they are on a date in an urban area they usually go to movies or dinners because they have more options. Also if the couple wants to get married the man has to ask the parents to get permission from the parents of the women to get married. If they do end up getting married they could have a marriage in a church, but some may not. The bride has a bridal shower one week before the wedding. Family and friends come to the bridal shower. The groom will also have a bachelor party the night before with drinking and celebrations. After the wedding is over the bride and the groom cut the wedding cake while music is playing. They also will provide a meal for everyone. Most people however never officially marry. If a couple doesn't love each other any more they may divorce. Women don't usually find spouses very fast or it is hard to find one. Men, however, are expected to find a spouse very quickly.

Economy

Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Central America. Honduran people have to improve and live off of certain things. They raise cattle and coffee. They also live off of tobacco, sugarcane, lumber, and seafood because they live by the ocean. Honduras produces a lot of bananas. Honduras produces a soft drinks and beer along with cement. Honduran people also work in industries to make money and products. In the Caribbean areas they get a lot of people because they get to do a lot of sport diving and there is a lot of tourist attractions.

Honduran Families

Honduran families have a mother and a father along with three to four children. The mother usually stays home and takes care of the house and children. The father is known as the "head of household." He also is the one that works outside. The boys are to help with the field work. The girls also do a lot of chores around the house with the mother. They are in charge of washing the clothes, taking care of the family and taking out the trash. In rural areas more commonly families live extended. They live in extended families. Children rarely leave the house before they get married. There also is not very many retirement homes. If there is only the wealthy use them.

Education

In Honduras there is three levels of education a child can get. A child can go to preschool, elementary, and high school. Children start to take schooling at the age of 7. They need to get at least 6 years of schooling. Most of the schools in Honduras are public and the families provide their child's books and supplies.

Citations

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"Lessons from Honduras." Hugh J MacMillan MSW. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.


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