Jordan

By: Lizzy Shaievitz

Geography

Jordan is situated geographically in Southwest Asia, south of Syria, west of Iraq, Northwest of Saudi Arabia, and east of Israel. One of the reasons Jordan is so significant is its strategic location. Jordan is located on the cross road of what Muslims, Christians, and Jews call there Holy land.

Statistics

Capital city: Amman

Largest Cities: Amman, Irbid

Jordan Population: 6,482,081

Language: Arabic

Currency: Jordanian Darin

Religion: 92% Muslim, 6% Christian, 2% representing other Religions

Latest Rulers of Jordan:

Places to Visit

Culture

Handicrafts:

A wide variety of Crafts fill the shops of Amman and and the busy shakes of smaller towns and villages, far from the capital. Crafts such as pottery, Jewelry, embroidery, carpets, and traditional costume are also found around Amman.

Music:

Music is very important in the Jordanian life. The original Arabic music is based on a 5-tone scale. The rhythms are elaborate and the songs often tell story's of family, love, death, and honor. Some Arabic instruments include the oud(Similar to a flute) , mizmarmujmiz(Like both kinds of flutes). rababah( A violin with one string) , gerbah( Like bagpipes.).

Cuisine:

Jordanian food is rated among the highest in the world. Dishes in Jordan will even satisfy those who are watching their diet. Many of the meals are prepared with Grains, Cheese, yogurt, and fresh and dried fruits and vegetables. Rice, Flat bread, Legumes, Olives, Lamb or chicken, yogurt vegetables and fruit are staples for many dishes in Jordan. A national dish of Jordan is Mansaf. This is a highly seasoned piece of lamb cooked in dried yogurt, that is served on a large platter with a large quantity of rice and sprinkled with nuts.

Religion:

Jordan is a tolerant, Islamic culture that welcomes all religions. A majority of Jordanians are Muslims. The cities of Jordan are mostly packed with Muslims and Christians. The Christians of Jordan are either orthodox or catholic. Religion is an open and a well conserved part of the Jordanian life style.

Local Customs:

Do's:

  • Stand up when greeting others

  • Dress conservatively when exploring Public Areas of Jordan.

  • Except Arabian coffee when it is offered to you by your host.

Dont's:

  • Don't interrupt, or pass in front of, a Muslim who may be praying in a public place.

  • Don't dress provocatively when walking outdoors.

  • Don't openly consume food, beverages, or cigarettes in Public places during the Holy month of Ramadan.

Holy Month of Ramadan:

Ramadan is a time for Muslims to fast and reflect on their faith. During Ramadan Muslims engage in three traditions including fasting, litar, and charity. Muslims fast between dawn and sunset and o not consume water or food. After sunset family gather for litar a holy meal where they finally break their fast and eat. Charity during Ramadan is very important. Father are often seen donating clothes, food, and money to those who are less fortunate. Its there way of giving back and showing their faith.