Gilded Age Politics (1869-1900)
Corruption of Grant Administration (1869-1877)
Credit Mobilier scandal-- THE builders of the Union Pacific Railroad used a construction comany they owned to buiald the rail line. Congress became involved when it was learned that several Congressmen were major stockholders inthe company.
Civil Service Reform
Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883) created system of competitive examinations for some government positions, thus reducing the influence of the patronage system.
Democratic Pres. Grover Cleveland added 12,00 jobs to the classified list, thus exanding the merit system.