Nuclear weapons have been tested in all environments since 1945: in the atmosphere, underground and underwater. Tests have been carried out on top of towers, suspended from balloons, and "on the Earth’s surface over more than 600 metres underwater and over 200 metres underground. Nuclear testing bombs have also been dropped by aircraft and fired by rockets up to 320 km into the atmosphere." This is important to me because if test like this continue then we are bound to face extreme complications in the environment and around the world.
Throughout history of the Nuclear Age, we have witnessed damage to humans physical health. Long-term effects of nuclear explosions include cancers, tumors, genetic damage, infertility, birth defects and pollution. Analyzing the effects on health has been a difficult task for multiple reasons. Many users have failed to provide significant information on the harmful side effects of nuclear weapons. In most cases, nuclear testing has been "shrouded" in tremendous secrecy and even today gaining access to the necessary information is challenging.
Addressing the problem
"From the first nuclear test in 1945 until tests by Pakistan in 1998, there was never a period of more than 22 months with no nuclear testing. June 1998 to October 2006 was the longest period since 1945 with no acknowledged nuclear tests." Nuclear testing is seen as furthering nuclear arms development, many are also opposed to future testing as an acceleration of the arms race. As public awareness and concern mounted over the possible health hazards associated with exposure to the nuclear fallout, various studies were done to assess the extent of the hazard. A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Cancer Institute study "claims that nuclear fallout might have led to about 11,000 deaths, linked to exposure to Iodine-131." Greenpeace has always fought and continues to fight vigorously against nuclear power because it is an unacceptable risk to the environment and to humanity. The only solution is to halt the expansion of all nuclear power and, for the shutdown of existing plants.