Panic Disorder

Psychological disorders

Panic Attacks

  • Panic attacks are the most extreme part of Panic Disorder.
  • They are when you are overwhelmed with fear. You feel like you need to get away from very large crowds.
  • Symptoms of panic attacks are shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, chest pain, sense of smothering unsteady, dizzy, trembling, shaking, numbness, sweating, hot/cold flashes, nausea, and disconnected from reality.
  • They feel there is a specific danger, but they don't know what it is. They often tell themselves there is no danger, but they can't stop from feeling panicked.
  • Panic disorder is when you keep having panic attacks.


Anticipatory Anxiety, Avoidance Beahivor, & Agrophobia

  • Anticipatory anxiety is being scared of the feelings you get from panic attacks. It's also called "fearing the fear."
  • Avoidance behavior is very common, you avoid places or situations that causes the attack, or where an attack has occured.
  • Argrophobia is the fear of public places. People avoid public places to not have an attack in public. For fear of embarrassment and the fear of not being able to get away. They may need a certain person all the time, just to feel okay about everyday things, most extreme cases become housebound. Depression is common at this point, and depression could lead to suicide.


Facts about the Disorder

  • Early detection reduces later complications.
  • 90% of people who get proper help return to a normal life.
  • Affects anyone, it can be inherited.
  • Begins between the late teen years and early twenties.
  • Women are more likely to have it.
  • If you go to a doctor after a panic attack and tell them your symptoms, they will often tell you there is nothing wrong. They aren't trained in psychological problems, only physical problems.


Causes of the Disorder

  • Both biological and psychological factors cause the disorder.
  • Extended periods of stress.
  • Depression before the disorder.


The Effect on Life

  • Teens try to keep attacks secret, affecting relationships
  • Limits where people go
  • Change view of yourself, lose confidence, low self-esteem
  • Scared to tell others


Treatment

  • Medicine and therapy is normally used.
  • The five key steps for therapy is learning, monitoring, relaxing, rethinking, and exposing.