Learning about STI'S and STD'S

By: Kimberly Salazar

Information on Sexual Transmitted Infections/Diseases

Basic Terminology-


It was first named STD’s but it was later on changed to STI’s. But What's the difference? The difference between these two is that STD’s means being sexual transmitted with a disease. Meanwhile STI’s means being sexual transmitted with an infection.

How can you prevent STI’s and STD’s?

By having safe sex

  1. Bacterial types-

Chlamydia

Gonorrhoea

Syphilis

2. Viral types-

Genital Herpes

HIV/AIDS

HPV

Information on HIV/AIDS

HIV is the biggest threat to the world.

Stats on HIV/AIDS-

The amount of people that get infected with this each year is 1.7 million

There is about 33 million people that carry this

There is more women infected with HIV/AIDS then there is men.

Transmission:

  • These are the ways that HIV can be transmitted:

  • By having sexual intercourse

  • Having direct contact with someone else's blood that is already infected

  • Vectors

  • Or from mother to baby

  • Breast milk

How can we prevent HIV and AIDS?

  • Simply having no sex at all

  • Safe sex

  • Condoms

  • Having regular check ups

Information on HPV

People that are infected with this tend to not even be aware of it

Risks that come with it:

  • The appearance of Genital warts

  • It can cause cervical cancer

Prevention?

  • Gardasil vaccine

Information on Chlamydia

This is a sexual transmitted infection that oftenly has absolutely no symptoms at all

What are its symptoms?
The following are the symptoms associated:

In guys-

  • Penis discharge

  • Burning feeling when going pee

In women-

  • Pain while intercourse

  • Back pain

  • Lower ab pain

Risks that you can possibly be exposed to meanwhile you have it:

  • Pelvic Inflammatory disease

How can we treat it?

  • Antibiotics

Information on Gonorrhea

This is mainly passed on by simple intercourse between a carrier and a normal unaffected person.

Symptoms that may occur:

  • Normally it appears around 5 days after bacteria has entered body.

  • Painful when urinating

  • Vaginal discharge

  • Penile drip

Cures:

  • Antibiotic

Information about Hepatitis B

You can get it from not having protected sex. Also a mom carrier who has this can pass it to her child.

How can you get it?

The following are some ways you can encounter it:

  • Blood transfusion

  • Simply touching infected blood

Symptoms that come along:

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of hunger

  • Nausea

What can happen when you have this?

  • Can receive chronic liver disease

How can you prevent getting this?

  • Vaccine

Information about Genital Herpes

  • It has high transmission rates.

Symptoms:

  • Genital warts

  • Itchy

  • Soreness

  • Bumps

  • Pain during intercourse

  • Burning sensation

  • Pain

How can it be cured?

Herpes can not be cured at the moment. Person infected will always carry this virus around with them.

Information on syphilis:

Symptoms:

Sores, rashes, lastly on the last stage it starts to affect body internal organs

How can it be treated?

It can be treated by simply a dose of penicillin

Why do these all normally happen?

Research was done and it has been said that there is a relationship between STDs and high alcohol consumption.

A study was done and they found out that at least one error occurs every time when you apply a condom.

  • So what they concluded was to educate women on how to apply condoms too. And promoting condom use more too.

  • When condom is applied in little time in men, it is more likely to have a breakage. By three times more, than a guy who takes the time to apply condom.

  • “Multiple types of condom-use errors and problems may be highly prevalent among high-risk men attending public STD clinics.”

What should you do if you think you have an STI?

You should go to your doctor, or the local STI clinic. Especially if you have these symptoms.

How to reduce the risk of getting an STI?

  • Simply have great communication

  • Have the least amount of partners.

  • Get to know each other

  • Learn about vaccines

Sources

Peer Review Sources:

http://journals.lww.com/stdjournal/Abstract/2005/03000/Is_There_an_Association_Between_Alcohol.4.aspx

http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/12744422

Corbin, C. & et al. (2004). Concepts of Fitness and Wellness: 5th Edition. McGraw Hill.

Crosby RA, Graham CA, Yarber WL, Sanders SA. Problems with condoms may be reduced for men taking ample time to apply them. Sexual Health 2010; 7: 66–70.

http://std.sagepub.com/content/19/2/90.short

Non-peer review:

http://www.iwannaknow.org/teens/sti/reduce_risk.html

http://youngwomenshealth.org/2013/01/16/sti-information/

http://youngwomenshealth.org/2013/01/16/sti-information/

Teaching Safer Sex, Volume 1

http://www.cdc.gov/std/syphilis/stdfact-syphilis.htm