Mining and Fracking
By: Amanda Ferlisi & Jordan Efken
Terms to Know
Surface Mining - A method of mining that is used to take out minerals and metals near the surface of the Earth.
Subsurface Mining - A method of mining where the extraction of resources takes place hundreds or thousands of feet underneath the Earth's surface.
Surface is different from subsurface mining because surface mining takes place near the surface of Earth where subsurface mining takes place far below the surface.
Open-pit - A form of surface mining where a pit is created to take our minerals and metals from the Earth.
Mountain Top Removal - A form of surface mining that involves the mining of the inside of a mountain by removing land, usually for coal.
Drift - The working of coal seams which is an underground mine with entry above water level and generally on the slope of a hill.
Shaft- A method of taking out a tunnel from the top down where there is no entry point to the bottom.
How Does Fracking Work?
Effects of Fracking