The Grassland Biome

By: Sabrina Roude

Vitals of the Grassland Biome

The grassland biome has 2 types. Tere is the tall grass biome which is wet and humid. Then there is the short grasslands, which are dry. Short grasslands also have hotter summers and colder winters than the long grassland biome. Grassland biomes are located in the central are of a continent and in the middle latitudes. Grasslands that are located in the southern hemisphere usually have a higher annual precipitation average than grasslands in the northern hemishpere.



Climate of Grasslands

In the summer the temperature can go up to 100°F. However, in the winter it can go far past 0 degrees Fahrenheit. The antnual rainfall average is about 20 - 35 in. A lot of it comes down as snow during the winter. The Grassland biome has hot winters. It also has very cold winters where the land freezes over.

Plant Life

Due to the lack of rainfall, their arent many tall plants. Plants like trees and woody shrubs don't survive because they need more water in the region. plants like grass however, have adapted by having longer roots that can grow deep into the ground making it able to grow back after forest fires that are very common in this biome. The goldenrod plant has adapted to less water and more sunlight.


Animals

The grasslands have a lot of large herbivores like bison, zebras, gazelles, and wild horses. There are a few carnivores such as lions and wolves. Bison have adapted to being able to eat grass by having flat topped teeth and special digestive systems. Some grassland animals have front legs that help them to escape from predators by burrowing into the soil. Many animals are nocturnal which allows them to stay away from predators. most Grassland animals are able to camoflauge into their surroundings due to their color. This helps to conceal themselves. Also, different animals eat from different parts of the plant which allow more food to be available. Ostriches have adapted by not needing a lot of water and they also have long legs that let them run fast to escape predators. Lions attack their prey in packs to get their meals. There is a lot of competition for watering holes between all animals. Owls prey on fish, small birds, reptiles, and amphibians. rattle snakes eat birds, lizards, and some small animals. Racoons eat bird eggs, snakes, and frogs. Lions also eat zebras.


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Ecological Concerns

In South Africa the grasslands are often overdeveloped to an unsistanable level. This drives out a lot of the animals and destroys vegetation. Humans are known to destroy the biodiversity in the grassland regions in South Africa. Agriculture has also caused habitat loss in 23% of the biome. The Asian Elephant is an endangered animal due to hunting. People hunt them down for their ivory. The Black Rhinocerous is also an endangered species. Grasses make for one of the largest plant families. There are about ten thousand species of grasses. Grasses would easily be first in the individual numbers of plants in all parts or the world