Ultraviolet light

Uv light

Physics period 8 / Samuella Boateng

Ultraviolet Light Information

  • Ultraviolet light description

-An ultraviolet light is a type of electromagnetic radiation, as are radio waves, Infrared radiation, X-rays and Gamma-rays. UV light comes from the sun, and is invisible to the naked human eye.


  • Wavelength range


- Ultraviolet light falls in the range of the EM spectrum between visible light.


There are three different types of Uv light.


Wavelength



Ultraviolet C (UVC)

200 - 290 nanometers


Ultraviolet B (UVB)

290 - 320 nanometers


Ultraviolet A (UVA)

320 - 400 nanometers


  • Frequency Range

Ultraviolet radiation is absorbed by Ozone at an altitude of between 20 and 40 km.

UVC- 220-290Hz

UVB-290-320Hz

UBA- 320-400Hz


  • Velocity in a vacuum

-Electromagnetic waves all travel at the same constant speed as light( speed of light-300,000,000), 186,000 miles per second in a vacuum. All electromagnetic waves have the same form and travel at the same speed, but differ in wavelength.


  • Key facts-UVA is the least harmful but can contribute to the aging of skin, DNA damage and possibly skin cancer. UVB rays are the ones that burn the skin and can damage the eyes.


  • Key facts-Medical Equipment like surgical scissors can be sterilised using UV rays.


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Video summary

This video explores Ultraviolet light with a man named Mr. wizard. He talked about different ways ultraviolet light is used, and the molecular structure, as well as the basic function of an Ultraviolet light. He demonstrated different examples, and ways for us (humans) to physically see ultraviolet light (ex: liquids, and papers, help us see such light).
What Is Ultraviolet Light? (Mr. Wizard)

Ultraviolet Light in Life

Ultraviolet lights are used in Tonic water, vitamins and drugs, chlorophyll, toothpaste and whiteners. Antifreeze, laundry detergent, honey and paper.


Ultraviolet lights is are used for killing Microbes, sterilizing food and drugs. And treat vitamin D deficiency, and some skin disorders.

Positive Health Impact- Several human skin diseases, like psoriasis, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis and localized scleroderma, can be treated with solar radiation


Positive Health Impact- (Triggers vitamin D) – UV from the Sun is needed by our bodies to produce vitamin-D. Vitamin-D helps strengthen bones, muscles and the body's Immune system, It may also lower the risk of getting some kinds of cancers such as colon cancer.


Negative Health Impact- (Damages eyes) - Prolonged exposure to UV damages the tissues of the eyes , and can cause a "burning" of the eye surface, this increases the chance of getting a cataract(s)(which can cause blindness).


Negative Health Impact- (Ages skin) – UV speeds up the aging of skin, since the UV destroys collagen and connective tissue beneath the top layer of the skin. This causes wrinkles, brown 'liver’ spots and loss of skin elasticity.

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Article summary/link

This article analyzes how ultraviolet light has many positives(ozone layer protecting us from UV-B light), and negatives, and how it has been with us for many years.The article also elaborates about how Uv light has different wavelengths(UV-C, UV-B, and Uv-A). The article also discusses how exposure to sunlight specifically UV-B can cause abnormalities in one's DNA.

Video summary

This video talked about how ultraviolet light is very helpful to some animals, due to the fact it helps them see. The video also talked about how different planets, and particles in space use ultraviolet light. The video talked about the wavelength and frequency of ultraviolet light (rays) as well.
Tour of the EMS 06 - Ultraviolet Waves