Lyndon B Johnson

Lyndon Takes Over

Johnson took his first oath of office aboard the Airforce 1, approximately 2 hours after the assassination of JFK. In 1964, Johnsin ran for reelection against Barry Goldwater. It was not a close election. Johnson won 486 to 52.

The Great Society

In his first State of the Union message, Johnson called for a war on poverty and the creation of a "Great Society," a prosperous nation that would overcome racial divisions. To enact his plan, Johnson proposed an expansion in the federal government's role in domestic policy. During his administration, Congress passed two major civil-rights acts (1964 and 1965), the Economic Opportunity Act (1964), and two education acts (1965). Other legislation that was passed included the creation of Job Corps, Operation Head Start, Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA), Medicaid, and Medicare.

24th Amendment

The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

This amendment was basically a slap in the face to south, who for years stopped African Americans from voting due to a poll tax.

Vietnam and the Tonkin Resolution

In August 1964, two U.S. Navy destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin reported that North Vietnamese gunboats attacked them unprovoked. The American public was enraged and Johnson requested from Congress the authority to take “all necessary steps” to protect U.S. interests in Vietnam. Congress complied and passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Out of the 535 members of Congress, only two voted against this resolution, which was considered a declaration of war in everything but name.