George Orwell Author Study

By Curie Kim


George Orwell was born as Eric Arthur Blair in Montihari, India on June 25, 1903 and had one older sister and one younger sister. Orwell moved to England with his mother, but his father stayed in India. Orwell could not see his father until 1912. When he became six, he went to a small school located in Henley-on-Thames. Two years later, he was sent to a preparatory school called St. Cyprian School with a scholarship. Orwell first wrote a poem when he was four and had his poem published by a local newspaper when he was eleven. After finishing St. Cyprian School, he went to Wellington and Eton College with scholarship. Orwell later joined the India Imperial Force. However, he resigned after five years and returned to England.


George Orwell first used the pseudonym George Orwell for his work Down and Out in Paris and London written in 1933. Following his second major work Burmese Day, he married Eileen O’ Shaughnessy in 1936, and after few months, he moved to Spain to fight in the Spanish Civil War against General Francisco Franco. In 1938, Orwell was diagnosed with tuberculosis and to support himself, he wrote literary criticism and became a BBC producer. However, he hated writing propaganda so he became a literary editor for a newspaper. Two of his major works are Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), influenced by totalitarianism of Nazi Germany and Soviet Union and his experience when he was in Indian Imperial Police in Burma and BBC.


Eileen O’ Shaughnessy died in 1945 after adopting a son in 1944. After her death, George Orwell married editor Sonia Brownell in 1949 but dies on January 21, 1950 in London.


For his work Animal Farm, George Orwell won Retro Hugo Awards for best novella and Prometheus Award, or Prometheus Hall of Fame Award. For his work 1984, he won another Prometheus Award, or Prometheus Hall of Fame Award.

Bibliography A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

"Early Life and Education" Early Life and Education N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

"1984 Study Guide." 1984 Study Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

"1946 Retro-Hugo Awards." The Hugo Awards. N.p., 26 July 2007. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

"Prometheus Awards." Libertarian Futurist Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.