WWII Punishment of German Soldiers
By Mitch Maxwell
Did You Know:
The city of Nuremberg in the German state of Bavaria was selected as the location for the trials because its Palace of Justice was relatively undamaged by the war and included a large prison area. Additionally, Nuremberg had been the site of annual Nazi propaganda rallies; holding the postwar trials there marked the symbolic end of Hitler’s government, the Third Reich.
AUGUST 8, 1945
The Allies eventually established the laws and procedures for the Nuremberg trials with the London Charter of the International Military Tribunal (IMT), issued on August 8, 1945. Among other things, the charter defined three categories of crimes: crimes against peace (including planning, preparing, starting or waging wars of aggression or wars in violation of international agreements), war crimes (including violations of customs or laws of war, including improper treatment of civilians and prisoners of war) and crimes against humanity (including murder, enslavement or deportation of civilians or persecution on political, religious or racial grounds). It was determined that civilian officials as well as military officers could be accused of war crimes.
OCTOBER 6, 1945
OCTOBER 1, 1946
Did You Know
War Crime Trials
Quotes from Holocaust Survivors
- "For evil to flourish, it only requires good men to do nothing." Simon Wiesenthal.
- "My number is 174517; we have been baptized, we will carry the tattoo on our left arm until we die." Primo Levi.
- Museum, United States Holocaust Memorial. "War Crimes Trials." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 29 Jan. 2016. Web. 11 May 2016.
- History.com Staff. "Nazi Party." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 01 Jan. 2009. Web. 11 May 2016.
- INC., Ibis Communication. "The Sentencing and Execution of Nazi War Criminals, 1946." The Sentencing and Execution of Nazi War Criminals, 1946. EyeWitness to History, 18 May 2004. Web. 18 May 2016.
- "Holocaust Timeline: Aftermath." Holocaust Timeline: Aftermath. Florida Center for Instructional Technology, 2005. Web. 25 May 2016.