The Tundra Biome
by Michael Cole and Greg Reisch
What is a Tundra?
Tundras are dry, cold, and windy environments. They have a layer of permafrost (permanently frozen soil) on the ground, so they remain treeless and have a very short growing season as a result. In the tundra, it typically snows most of the year. There are two different types of tundra, "alpine" and "arctic". Alpine tundras are tundras that attain those characteristics due to their elevation, the cold due to the high elevation prevents trees from growing, an example of this would be Franconia Ridge in the White Mountains in New Hampshire. The average temperature in the tundra during the winter is -30°F and 34-57°F during the summer and they are most commonly found in the far Northern Hemisphere of the Earth.
The Plants of the Tundra
The tundra is home to many plants, all of which have adapted to effectively survive in the harsh, cold climate.
The Animals of the Tundra
Much like plants, animals have also adapted to live in the tundra's demanding climate. There are many species of animals from mammals to fish that live in the tundra biome, both alpine, and arctic.
More Facts, Plants, and Interesting Videos About the Tundra Biome
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