How to Build a Sturdy Shelter

If You Have A Roof Over Your Head You won't Be Dead!

Basics of Survival Shelters

  • Location - The most important aspect of making a shelter in the wilderness is choosing a good location. A good location provides easy access to building materials such as leaves, grass and dead sticks. It also provides safety from major hazards such as insects nests, pooling water and falling branches. Finally you want a big enough area where you can be able to rest comfortably.
  • Size - A mistake that people most often make is building there shelter too large. It not only takes a lot more materials and effort but ends up being too cold due to the great majority of space inside it. Survival Shelters that are most effective are usually small and just the the right size to fit your body and to conserve body heat.
  • Structure - All shelters need to be constructed with safety as a top priority. Large strong branches will build the base of your shelter. Typically these beaches should be able to with stand the average weight of an adult.
  • Insulation and Cover - Whether your in a cold and snowy environment or a sunny and warm one insulation and cover is always important. Grasses, leaves, ferns, small sticks, and pine needles can be used as insulation. Also don't forget to use these materials to build a thick mattress protecting you from the cold ground. Finally soil and bark can be used to create a barrier from the rain and wind.
  • Heat Source - In cold environments the primary concern is staying warm to avoid hypothermia. There are usually two types of heat source which are body heat and heat from a fire. Shelters that depend on your body heat need to be small and have lots of insulating. If you use a fire as your heat sour carefully plan it out so you don burn your shelter down.

Types of Shelters

  • There are many types of shelters that could fit your surroundings. Such as a Debris Hut which is meant for warmth or a Beach Shade Shelter that will protect you from the sun, wind, heat and rain.

Materials for Debris Shelter

  • You will need lots of grasses, leaves, and pine needles.
  • An area with a good amount of space.
  • Long study pieces of wood and small thick pieces of wood
  • You will finally need a lot of patience

How to Build Your Debris Shelter

  • Find an Area With a lot Of Debris - This shelter is ideal for an area with woods and building debris.
  • Find a Ridge Pole - Make sure it is almost as twice as you are. Also the straighter the better .
  • Prop up the Ridge Pole - Use two "Y" shaped sticks to prop up the Ridge Pole to crotch height. Make sure you use sturdy sticks. They should be wider than the thickness of your wrist. Also make sure they are not rotting or brittle.
  • Build a Framework - Using sticks anywhere from wrist to forearm in thickness put the sticks perpendicular along the entire Ridge Pole
  • Add Stick Debris - Gather an ample amount of stick debris to place it all over the top of your structure. Also add tons of long grasses, pine needles and leaves on your structure.
  • Create a Well Insulated Bedding - Climb into your shelter and pat down the debris on your floor. Make sure you repeat this three times so you can a nice insulated and thick bedding.
  • Plug Up Your Shelter - When you are ready to go to bed pull a bunch of leaves with you into your shelter to cover the entrance way into your shelter.

Materials For Beach Shade Shelter

  • The materials for this shelter include driftwood, mud, soil, leaves and other natural materials

How to Build Your Beach Shade Shelter

  • Collect Driftwood - Use Driftwood or other natural materials as digging tools and support beams.
  • Location - Select a place that is above the high water mark.
  • Scrape and Dig - Dig out a trench that thats runs north to south also make the trench long and wide so it is more comfortable for you to lay down in.
  • Mound Soil - The more soil you mound on the three sides the more space inside the shelter.
  • Lay Support Beams - Use the Driftwood as support beams for the framework of your roof.
  • Enlarge - Make the entrance of your trench by digging more sand and moving the sand out of the way.
  • Make a Bed - Use grass and leaves for a bed inside the shelter.