Holocaust

The Nuremberg Trials

What are the Nuremberg trials

In Nuremberg, Germany, some of those responsible for crimes committed during the Holocaust were brought to trial. These trials took place in 1945 and 1946 after the war has ended. Twenty-two major Nazi criminals went to court and Judges from Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States were present. These countries were the allied powers against Hitler and his regime.

Nuremberg court

where the Nuremberg trials were held


Nuremberg judges

The judges from the Nuremberg trials


who was in charge of the Nuremberg trials?

Judges from France, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and the United States make the International Military Tribunal (IMT). They were established as a result of the second world war to punish war criminals and "other wartime atrocities". Australia, Canada, China, India, New Zealand, Soviet Union, the Union of South Africa, and nine banished governments of German-occupied countries to disapprove Germany’s atrocities.

what crime wars did Germany receive?

The crime wars that were given to Germany include:


(1) Conspiracy to commit charges 2, 3, and 4, which are listed here;


(2) crimes against peace--defined as participation in the planning and waging of a war of aggression in violation of numerous international treaties;


(3) war crimes--defined as violations of the internationally agreed upon rules for waging war;


(4) crimes against humanity--"namely, murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, and other inhumane acts committed against any civilian population, before or during the war; or persecution on political, racial, or religious grounds in execution of or in connection with any crime within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, whether or not in violation of domestic law of the country where perpetrated