Indus Valley's Culture

Holly Shulman, Matt Dimino

Introduction

Culture is what people believe in and the way of life they choose to follow. Our world has culture because it’s nice to have a way of expressing people’s personalities and showing what people believe in in an environment that does the same everyday routine as they do. Religion impacts culture because it controlled and determine most of daily life activities. Writing also impacted culture because it changed the way business dealings were done and history was kept. Architecture also impacted culture because it impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering. Innovations impacted culture as well because it allowed for the creation of job specialization and a wider gap between social classes. Finally, achievements showed paved the way for more complex economic and military systems. The culture developments during the River Valley Civilizations made the largest impact on the people.

Photos of Indus Valley

Indus Valley Religion

  • The people in the Indus Valley believed in many gods. Some of those gods were Brahma- god of creation, Shiva- god of destruction and recreation, Vishnu- who helped the earth when they were in trouble. The people believed if they did something wrong the gods would see it, therefore they acted in control the way they thought the gods would want.


  • Indus Valley people made seals to represent the gods. They wore these seals around their neck. They thought if they wore seals around their neck they would lead a better life knowing the gods were looking down on them.


  • They buried the dead and gave them objects for the afterlife. They did that because when the person died and went to the afterlife they wanted to give something to them so they could have a better life. Then, they started burning the dead and burying their ashes in terracotta.



  • They believed in Karma, they thought if you were good in your life you would bump up a caste in your afterlife. If you were bad you would bump down a caste in your afterlife.


  • In the Indus Valley, bathing was thought to be done at religious ceremonies. They thought that if you were clean you were respected a little better than you were before.



  • Indus people also sacrificed animals during religious ceremonies. They did that because they thought the gods wanted them to do that so they tried to show respect to the gods and do what they said.

Indus Valley's Writing System

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Indus Valley Architecture

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Indus Valley Acheivments

  • Art was a very good achievement because people liked to see it. For example, the pots people put in their houses. People put pots in their houses so their house looks better when people come in.


  • Mathematics was also an achievement. Mathematics was an achievement because once people knew how to do math they could build houses, buildings, wells, and a lot more.


  • They added the weight system, that helped them trade goods and know how much something weighs. They were better traders now that they knew the weight system.


  • Once they knew about the decimal system and fraction, it helped them make very small bricks with small designs on them because the decimal system is very small units and to make very small bricks you need small measurements.


  • Writing was a very helpful achievement because people could communicate through writing words and letters.


  • Language was also a very helpful. They could not only communicate but they could now talk. Their language was called Sanskrit.

Conclusion

Culture made a big impact on the River Valley Civilizations and how they lived their daily life. One aspect of culture is religion, which controlled and determine most of daily life activities. Also, writing changed the way business dealings were done and history was kept. Architecture impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering. Also, innovations allowed for the creation of job specialization and a wider gap between social classes. Finally, achievements paved the way for more complex economic and military systems. Culture had a very big impact on the River Valley Civilizations because it influenced what people believed in, their daily routines, the things they had, and the way they acted. Culture matters to us today too because we can express the things we believe in and the way of life we choose to follow, which is one way of everyone being different and unique. The Indus Valley civilization followed all of these aspects of culture and lived a very unique and different life.