Measles Virus

Microbiology Report

What are the vaccines?

One US brand vaccine is Attenuvax. There is also MMR and MMRV which are for multiple diseases.

What illness is prevented?

The illness prevented is measles.


What age is given the vaccine? Under what circumstances is a vaccine given?

For adults if they were born 1957 or sooner, then they are considered immune to it. If they were born after and have not gotten a vaccine as kids, adults should get a vaccine. Many states require the vaccine before school. The first shot is required from age 12 to 15 months. The second shot is required from years 4-6. You should talk to a doctor if you are pregnant or becoming pregnant first, if you work in a medical facility, and if you were born before 1956. You should avoid it if you had a severe allergic reaction after the first shot taken. You should avoid the vaccine if allergic to gelatin, or neomycin, are becoming pregnant or are pregnant, or your immune system is weak.


Does this disease cause death?

Yes, there have been about 160,000 deaths world wide in 2011.


Possible side effects of this vaccine

1 in 5 children have a fever, and 1 in 20 have a rash. 1 in 70 have swollen glands, and 1 in 3,000 have seizures. 1 in 100 children have joint pain, and it is more frequent in adults, especially women. 1 in 30,000 have a low platelet count, and finally 1 in 1 million get Encephalitis.


Symptoms of Disease

Fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes, sometimes diarrhea or ear infection. The rash can last for a week, while the cough can go on for about 10 days.