Enlightened Critics

Ap European History

Who Are the Critics?

Denis Diderot: Suggested human behavior was hereditary

Immanuel Kant: "When America, the Negro countries, the Spice Islands, the Cape, and so forth, were discovered, they were to them [the Europeans], countries belonging to no one, sine they counted the inhabitants as nothing."

Johann Gottlieb Herder: Rejected idea that natives ideas and cultures were too degraded to treat them as human. Embraced cultural relativism.

General Ideas

-Cultures should be respected

-Treat people as humans

-Cultures can be developed in different forms

-There is no standard culture