Th1rteen R3asons Why

Suicide because of bullying

Summary

Clay Jensen, a teenager in high school, comes home to find a package on his bed that his mom found outside the front door for him. Inside the package, he finds seven cassette tapes numbered one through thirteen. When he starts to listen to these tapes, he finds on that the voice coming through the speakers is the voice of his recently late classmate, Hannah Baker. And throughout these tapes, Hannah tells about the reason why she committed suicide. “I hope you're ready, because I'm about to tell you the story of my life. More specifically, why my life ended. And if you're listening to these tapes, you're one of the reasons why.” Clay Jensen is one of the thirteen reasons and he keeps on listening, keeps on abiding Hannah´s rules, to find out what he had done to Hannah and where he comes into her story.

Background Information

Some people think that bullying someone would earn them social respect. Boys in particular. Jesse Miller, a B.C.-based consultant who advises schools and companies on social media, states, "If there's a photo of someone in your class and you're the one who can show it to your buddies, you're going to be the kid who gets that much more attention through the course of a day." There are four types of bullying. 1) Physical Bullying. This type is action-orientated. Physical bullying is a type of bullying where the bully uses physical violence to hurt someone. This includes kicking, hitting, or taking and/or damaging someone else´s property. 2) Verbal Bullying. Verbal bullies use words to harm or humiliate another person. Name-calling, constant teasing, racial comments, and insulting are all apart of verbal bullying. Cyber-bullying is also in this category. 3) Relational or Relationship Bullying. These bullis try to tell their peers to exclude a certain person or group and cut the victim off from their social connectiond. 4) Reactive Victims. Reacive victims are straddling the fence between a bully and a victim. They often taunt bullies or bully other people themselvs.

Perpetrators

The perpetrators in this situation is the common bully. Also, believe it or not, around 8.4% of all high school students are, in fact, bullies. Their goal? Cause physical or mental harm to another person they know; also known as the victims. They have many different techniques for causing harm, like cyber bullying, verbal bullying, and emotional bullying. When the bullying gets really bad, it could possibly get to the point of suicide. When do these crimes begin? Anytime, any age. In fact, between the ages of Kindergarten through 12th grade, about 1 in 7 children are involved with bullying, be it bully or victim of bullying. This proves how bullying can happen at any time, and how, if over a period of time, it could possibly get to the point of suicide since it can start at any age. The worst part? These perpetrators, are everywhere! It happens at school, at home, anywhere. Most of the bullying happens at school, but no place should be an acceptable place for bullying.

Bystanders

Someone who doesn't do anything to stop something that is bad from happening when they know they can is a bystander. For every bully, there is a bystander. Plain and simple. While most teenagers and young adults know that rude treatment towards peers is wrong, many of them fear that is they speak up, they will be the next victim. This is a very common reason why bystanders don't say anything. "So much more harm can happen when someone's been traumatized and there's a lack of response," Briggs-King says from Durham, N.C. Children should be taught that speaking up is a moral. "It's a criminal offence to share photos of underage people," Carol Todd says from her home in Port Coquitlam, B.C. "People with a conscience should report this stuff. You have to do what's right."

Victims

Who are the victims of this situation? Young people who either consider, attempt, or commit suicide because of the torturous bullying they have to endure. In fact, bully victims are 2 to even 9 times more likely to take an interest in suicide. Victims are often targeted because they have qualities that a) society shuns or b) are stranger that what society would describe as "normal". Bullies have come up with different tactics to cause harm to these victims. For example, in "13 Reasons Why", Hannah was tormented with emotional (exclusion, ignorance) and verbal (insulting, name-calling, etc.) bullying. Victims are targeted anywhere, and everywhere, as long as a bully has some sort of access to communication with the victim. The same goes for suicide, it can happen almost at any random time. Even though these victims get attacked over, and over, and over by bullies, they never seem to speak out or call attention to the situation. Suicide, on the other hand is a bit different. If you pay close attention to the warning signs (listed below) an awful tragedy can be stopped.

Rescuers

There are a lot of ways to help the victims, if they are thinking of suicide. To begin, don't try to talk them out of it or say they are wrong. Instead, get them medical help immediatly. Also, try to keep anything that could be used to do harm to ones self, like weapons or drugs. Parents could also act as rescuers. Parents should encourage kids and teens to talk to them about bullying problems, this way if they think their child is in a serious situation, then they could contact authorities about it.

Warning Signs

  • Showing signs of depression.
  • Showing an interest in death or dying.
  • Engaging in harmful or dangerous activities. (shown in the book)
  • Giving away ones possessions and saying goodbye to people. (shown in the book)
  • Expressing that they can't handle things or life anymore.
  • Making comments that the world would be better without them.
  • Changing their appearance. (shown in the book)
Hannah Baker Tape 1

Bibliography

  • "Bullying and Suicide." Bullying Statistics. 2009. Web. 2 May. 2013 <www.bullyingstatistics.org>
  • "Bullying Should Be Taken Seriously." The Mountaineer. 20 Mar. 2013. Online
  • Cloud, John. "Bullied to Death?" Time. 18 Pct. 2010:60. Print
  • Gills, Charlie. "A Deafening Silence." Maclean´s. 29 Ape. 2013 :1: Print.
  • "Teenage Bullying." Bullying Statistics. 2009. Web. 7 May. 2013 <www.bullyingstatistics.org>
  • "What are the Different Kinds of Bullies?" Bully Beware Productions. 17 Oct. 2008. Web. 2 May. 2013. <www.bullybeware.cim>
  • "Youth Suicide." CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Aug. 2012. Web. 7 May 2013