New England

Name of Colony

Year Founded


1. Connecticut


Thomas Hooker

2. Massachusetts


John Winthrop

3. New Hampshire


John Wheelwright

4. Rhode Island


Roger Williams

The New England Colony was founded to break away from the ceremonial Church of England and recreate society in the manner they believed God truly intended it to be designed.



New Hampshire

Rhode Island

1. One of the smallest states covering only 5,544 square miles.

Characterized by a jagged, indented coast from Rhode Island around Cape Cod.

It is about 190 miles long and seventy miles wide.

Smallest state in the Union; is about 40 miles long and 30 miles wide.

2. Can be divided into five distinct land regions; including the Taconic Section, the Western New England Upland, the Connecticut Valley Lowland, the Eastern New England Upland and the Coastal Lowlands.

The land rises upwards to the west with stony upland pastures in the central part of Massachusetts and gentle hill country in the west.

It covers 9,351 square miles, making it the 45th largest state.

The state can be divided into two geographic regions: the Coastal Lowland and the South and East, and the Eastern New England Upland in the Northwest.

3. Highest temperature recorded is 106 degrees F; lowest is -32 degrees F.

Highest temperature recorded is 107 degrees F; lowest is -35 degrees F.

Highest temperature recorded is 106 degrees F; lowest is -47 degrees F.

Mostly woodlands; Lowlands in the South and Rolling Hills in the North and the West.


The New England Colonies were largely Puritans who lead very strict lives and didn’t respect other religions. They went to the meeting house for church services where they often went for other things as well. The meeting house was a large building in the center of a town and was used for religious services and town meetings. Most services usually lasted all day.

They were large faming and fishing community. The people made their own clothes and shoes and grew much of their own food.

· An average life expectancy was under twenty-five years.

· Privies, outdoor toilets made of wood or brick, sometimes had four or more holes for larger families. These pits were usually cleaned by chickens or slaves would have to shovel them out.

Used local plants and herbs as medicines when dealing with illnesses.