Characteristics of fantasy literature will include the use of gods or goddesses from a variety of cultures present and past, religion anything from shamans, to druids and mystical healers, war, an array of animals- talking or otherwise, and the presence of mythical and mystical beasts.
-Fantasy has been distinguished from other forms of literature by its style and its freedom of expression wherein an author has the ability to use any story-telling element to strengthen the narrative; whether it be dragons, magic and castles or the lack thereof. Authors often engage in world building, constructing a framework or entire world against which the narrative plays out.
-Symbolism often plays a significant role in fantasy literature, often through the use of archetypal figures inspired by earlier texts or folklore. Some argue that fantasy literature and its archetypes fulfill a function for individuals and society and the messages are continually updated for current societies
-In fantasy literature one should always expect the unexpected, imagine the unimaginable, and truly believe that magic is the blood coursing through the novel's veins.