Two Nations, Under God

Two, Ever Divisible

Texas, Ever Sided, Ever Stubborn

During the Civil War, the war that pit brother against brother, the not-so-United States were ruined. Sectionalism ran wild, slavery had no end in sight. What role did Texas play in the twisted, ironic known as the Civil War? Conflict abounded, and Death knocked on doors more than he passed them.

Power Doesn't Always Need Weapons

"...Over time, cabins were constructed, but housing became insufficient when the prison population exceeded 5,000 in early 1864. As a result, inmates carved caves and dugouts into the hillside for shelter."- Prisoner of War Camps, http://www.thc.state.tx.us/public/upload/publications/tx-in-civil-war.pdf
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Prisoners Of War: Worse Than The Battle Field

The fighting on the front was a bloody struggle, mad and chaotic, but the POW camps, the POW camps were cruel. Deplorable living conditions and no access to fair or proper medical or food supplies, many POWs starved and died of exposure.
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Camp Groce; Once Helpful, Then Murderous, Forever Stanied

-Camp Groce used to be a training camp for Confederate Soldier, but was closed due to deplorable health concerns


-Camp Groce, despite the concerns for humane conditions, reopened in 1863 as a POW camp


-Prisoners from the Battle of Galveston, and the First and Second Battles of Sabine Pass suffered there.


-Camp Groce became the second largest POW camp in Texas

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Camp Ford; 7 Percent

-Camp Ford was the largest Confederate POW camp West of the Mississippi.


-Camp Ford used to be a conscription camp.


-Camp Ford is located near Tyler, Texas, and was opened in 1863.


-Housing was insufficient by 1864, when the prison reached a population of 5,000 inmates.


-Camp Ford was the most humane of the war camps in the Civil War. The prisoner fatality rate was only 7%.

The Cleanest Jobs Are The Messiest

This reflection will be written in the first person point of view of Death. This is a work of fiction, created originally by me.

I sighed a frosty exhale. Another clean job. It seemed I would never leave this place. Men fought each other, and shot each other with weapons meant to kill each other, then captured the survivors and sent them here. This place...this place was worse than the front. Here, the men had no hope. Why did these people set up the camps? Quite frankly, I think these camps are stupid. But what does my opinion matter? The insurgents, the Confederates, needed them, I guess. These prisoners had a grim realization, it seemed. No pun intended, of course. They knew they had a very high chance of dying in this place, this Camp Groce. I would say I wish I could stop it, but this is how I live. I live on their deaths. These jobs may be clean, but they have the bloodiest histories.

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POW Camps and Their Punch On History

How did the POW camps help the war effort?

~The POW camps held the prisoners captured by the Confederates. These prisoners could be used for bargaining.


Why was the mortality rate in Camp Ford considered strikingly low?

~Prisoner of War camps are deadly places. The wardens of these camps aren't concerned with what goes on within the fences as long as the guards are alive and no one escapes.


Should the operators of the POW camps have been tried for crimes against humanity?

~The nation was swept by war. These acts were performed in times of crisis. Were they wrong? The ethics are often controversial in any war. I myself think they should have been tried to some degree for the torture they omissionately allowed to be executed. What do you think?

Signing Off Once More...

I'm Bailey, in Mrs. Reyff's 6th period Texas History.