Pipestone National Monument
History of Park, Monument, or Memorial:
It was and still is an important site for lots of American Indians and their cultures. They see Pipestone National Monument as a place to be reverent and respectful. Each Indian culture had stories that related the pipe and quarrying grounds. Quarrying is “an open excavation usually for obtaining building stone, slate, or limestone” and has taken place at Pipestone National Monument for thousands of years. Pipestone has and continues to be traded all over North America.
Three large boulders at the entrance of Pipestone National Monument are called the Three Maidens and are considered representatives of guardian spirits of the pipestone quarries.
Pipestone is located about 12-17 feet below the ground, between layers of quartzite rock.
The prairies are home to many plants and animals. At the park there are 9 to 13 state-listed rare species, one of the federally threatened flowers is called the Western Prairie-Fringed Orchid.
Association with Native Americans:
Activities and events:
Junior Ranger Program- Explore the Circle Trail, learn about Native cultures of the Upper Midwest, watch pipemakers and quarriers continuing their ancient tradition.
Nature Walk- The Circle Trail, is a paved walking trail that leads to several points of interest at Pipestone National Monument.