Harriet Tubman

1820-1913

About

  • born in Maryland in 1820
  • successfully escaped in 1849
  • originally named Araminta Harriet Ross
  • married Mary Brodess. Araminta
  • Physical violence was a part of daily life for Tubman and her family.

Her sacrificies

  • returned many times to rescue both family members and non-relatives
  • refuse to stop helping slaves escape and was thrown a two pound weight on head causing headaches and narcoleptic episodes for the rest of her life
  • In 1844, Harriet married a free black man named John Tubman.
  • Araminta changed her name to Harriet around the time of her marriage, possibly to honor her mother.

Escape from Slavery and Abolitionism

  • escaped when owner died with two other brothers
  • notice published in the Cambridge Democrat offered a $300 reward
  • made use of the network known as the Underground Railroad to travel nearly 90 miles to Philadelphia.
  • Tubman quickly became an armed scout and spy. The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war
  • liberated more than 700 slaves in South Carolina.