world history project

by: shayshay

industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system. It also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal. Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested; the textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods.


1. Political (nationalism, to be the most powerful country by ruling many other countries).
2. Economical (to use other country's resources, recieve cheap labor, have a market for their goods. i.e. Africa).
3. Religious (to spread their religion. i.e. missionaries)
4. Idealogical (believed that their race was better and had to civilize other people by teaching them. i.e. The White Man's burden)
5. Exploratory (people wanted to explore new lands for mapping, etc.)


Imperialism has done more harm than good. Among the good things, it helped colonies build infrastructure and transportation e.g. the railway system; unify the people and arouse a spirit of nationalism; expose them to science and technology; learn a foreign language; understand complex political and economic system of the colonial rulers which might later help them in building their own institutions; get rid of their own obsolete value systems like Sati system in India.
On the other hand, some of the downsides are as follows:
Over-exploitation of the resources of the colony or country under occupation.
Loss of their culture and the weakening of their value system.
Feeling of inferiority stemming out of being under their thumb.
No independence or control over their own land.
Little or minimal representation in their own government.


As the world approached the 20th century, several powers grew desperate for more land and more control. In the 1870s, the Belgian King Leopold sent emissaries to establish trade with native Africans in the Congo. This single act began a flurry of imperialistic activity as the other nations of Europe, including: France, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Germany, Italy, and Portugal. This immediate fight for land is known as...
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European Imperialism in Africa


European Imperialism was caused by the loss of American colonies during 1700 and 1800s, As a result, France, Britain, Portugal, Spain, Germany fought for African territory to replace their lost American work force and source of raw materials.


Many of the Africans died of new diseases, such as small pox, that were brought over by the British. That was because the Africans had no immunity to these diseases.