Complex Carbohydrates

What it does and how it functions

  • They often supply energy and other nutrients and fiber that the body needs.
  • Provide the body with long term energy because they take longer to digest and enter the bloodstream more slowly.

Major Sources

  • Starches such as (bread, cereal, pasta,rice, potatoes)
  • Fibers such as (whole grain foods, raw vegetables and fruits, nuts, seeds, and popcorn)
  • Also valuable amounts of vitamins and minerals

If you don't get enough or get too much Carbohydrates

  • You will start to feel weak and always tired, could also increase your risk of constipation.
  • If you eat too much carbs: you could end up with high blood pressure, become obese, increases risk for Type 2 diabetes, could end up w/ fatty liver or kidney damage. holesterol, high blood pressure.

Interesting facts

  • certain vegetarian foods containing complex carbohydrates that will supply complete proteins, when consumed with others that have amino acid profiles
  • Too many carbs and the body will turn the extra into to fat.
  • Some foods have more carbohydrates then others
  • At least One third of our daily intake of food being starches

Types of cooking methods used

  • caramelization occurs when the sugars in the carbohydrates are browned.
  • Gelatinization occurs when the starches in carbohydrates absorb water and begin to swell.