The Science and Technology of WWII

Analysis of the Technological side of WWII

Introduction

The technology and science of World War II was much more advanced than some people might think. Inventions and innovations that were made during this time had a huge impact on the quality of life for many people at that time. These discoveries and innovations would also lay the foundation for many advanced technologies that would be created later in history.World War Two had a profound effect on the science and technology of today.Therefore, it is important to study the technology of this time, it not only affected the people living during World War II, but the advances that were made would change the world forever.

The advances made during this time were monumental.

Before the war, radar had barely been invented but by the end radar had developed and played a very important role.Radar technology uses radio waves to track objects from a distance, allowing people to see incoming surprise attacks.Radar engineering would lead to the invention of the television, a ship or aircraft could also use radar to triangulate their position.Meteorologists could also use this new technology to track storms.The medical field also saw many different improvements in medical technology.Penicillin was an important medicine that was not created during the war, but it was the first time it was mass produced.It was a life saving medicine that would eventually lead to the invention of antibiotics, medicine that prevents sicknesses from becoming life threatening.The science of blood transfusions played a vital role in the war and was perfected during this time.Aviation medicine, which allows people to fly safely at high altitudes, was a huge invention.This lead to the inventions of crash helmets and safety belts.The science of nutrition expanded as scientists identified which vitamins and minerals were essential to a healthy body, and in what amounts.Proper food preparation, storage and preservation became a top priority for the military.In order to provide the soldiers with the proper amount of nutrition and energy scientists created the D-ration.The D-ration was a high calorie emergency ration that came in the form of a chocolate bar.A three-portion package of these bars would provide a soldier with 1,800 calories.


http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-worldwar/6002


http://www.militaryfactory.com/worldwar2/weapons.asp


http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2008/june/pfizers-work-on-penicillin-for-world-war-ii-becomes-a-national-historic-chemical-landmark.html

http://www.militaryfactory.com/worldwar2/weapons.asp

Technology had a Huge Impact on the Victors of the War

Artillery played a very important role in World War Two and could determine who won the battle.It could be used to weaken an enemy before attack, or as a defense mechanism.If the artillery was to be used to weaken an enemy, they would first have to scout the enemies position and plan out how they were going to fire the artillery.It could also be used to defend from oncoming attacks or to take down enemy aircrafts.Suppressing fire from artillery could also be used to cover the advance of foot soldiers.Many different bombers were used throughout World War II.The B-25 "Mitchell" and B-26 "Marauder" were medium bombers used mainly at altitudes of eight thousand to fourteen thousand feet. They primarily supported ground forces by targeting fortified positions, depots, railroad yards and other targets behind battle lines. They also supported heavier bombers on more strategic raids.One of America's three outstanding fighters of the war, the P-47 was used by many other Allied Air Forces including the French, British and Russians. It served in Europe, the Far East and the Mediterranean and was the first fighter to fly escort missions for B-17s.

Tanks were important for both breaking through enemy lines and supporting the advance of ally soldiers.Tanks developed much more rapidly during World War II than they had ever before, becoming bigger, faster and better armored.During World War I the UK had been the leader in cutting edge technology, but by World War II ethey were no match for the Blitzkrieging panzers of Germany.It was during this time that anti-tank began to properly develop, both handheld and aircraft-mounted.One of the biggest threats to tanks then, and now, was the tank-buster aircraft or Jabos.(Jagdbombers)These were aircrafts whose main mission was to seek out tanks and destroy them from the air.

http://www.afhso.af.mil/topics/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=15231


http://www.tanks.net/tank-history/tank-development-world-war-two.html


http://www.militaryfactory.com/aircraft/ww2-us-military-bomber-aircraft.asp

The scientists of World War Two made breakthroughs that would change the world forever.

Albert Einstein was arguably one of the twentieth centuries most influential people, both as a scientist and public figure.He was a mathematician but is better known for his work in the field of theoretical physics.He was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14th 1879.He was born into a Jewish family which would cause conflict between him and the Nazi party.His theory of relativity was even referred to as “Jewish Physics” by the Nazis.He eventually decided to leave his homeland, never to return.He chose to move to New Jersey where he would settle at the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton University.It was during these next few years that Einstein and fellow scientist Leo Szilard urged Franklin D. Roosevelt to fund the development of an atomic bomb.If not for Albert Einstein the atomic bomb may have never been developed.Marie Curie was another influential scientist who worked with her husband to discover polonium and radium.Their work was unfortunately cut short when her husband, Pierre, died in 1906.After her husband's death she continued to work in the field of radioactivity and became the first person to win 2 Nobel Prizes.Marie Curie's work led to the use of x-rays in medicine and laid the foundation for the new discipline of atomic physics.Max Planck completely revolutionized physics, his work is so important that it’s considered the pivotal point where “classical physics” ended.It all started with his discovery of energy, which appears to be emitted in wave lenghts.He discovered that it is actually discharged in small packets.(quanta)This new theory of energy, called quantum theory, played an important role in many of the most important discoveries of the 20th century.

http://history1900s.about.com/od/people/tp/10scientists.htm


https://www.aip.org/history/curie/war1.htm


http://www.physicsoftheuniverse.com/scientists_einstein.html

Conclusion

In conclusion, World War II had a profound effect on the technology and science of today.The technological advances made influenced inventions of the future and the breakthroughs of this time changed the world forever.The technology had a huge effect on who won the war which gave scientists more motivation to continue their research.Although the war was tragic, it lead to advances that may have never been made had it not happened.