Treaty of Versailles

By: Makayla Riecke and Mckinley Bolen

Summary

The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after World War 1 had ended in 1918 and in the shadow of the Russian Revolution and other events in Russia. The treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Paris - hence its title - between Germany and the Allies. The treaty was signed on June 28th 1919 after months of argument and negotiation. The following land was taken away from Germany: Alsace-Lorraine (given to France) Eupen and Malmedy (given to Belgium) Northern Schleswig (given to Denmark) Hutchinson (given to Czechoslovakia) West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia (given to Poland) The League of Nations also took control of Germany's overseas colonies.Germany had to return to Russia land. Some of this land was made into new states : Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. An enlarged Poland also received some of this land.

Fourteen Points

No secret alliances between countries
Freedom of the seas in peace and war
Reduced trade barriers among nations
General reduction of armaments
Adjustment of colonial claims in the interest of the inhabitants as well as of the colonial powers
Evacuation of Russian territory and a welcome for its government to the society of nations
Restoration of Belgian territories in Germany
Evacuation of all French territory, including Alsace-Lorraine
Readjustment of Italian boundaries along clearly recognizable lines of nationality
Independence for various national groups in Austria-Hungary
Restoration of the Balkan nations and free access to the sea for Serbia
Protection for minorities in Turkey and the free passage of the ships of all nations through the Dardanelles
Independence for Poland, including access to the sea
A league of nations to protect "mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small nations alike

The League Of Nations

The League of Nations, 1920. The League of Nations was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes. It was 1st proposed By President Woodrow Wilson as a part of his 14 points plan for an equitable peace in Europe, but the U.S was never a member.
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