Events Leading up to the Civil war

By: Francisco Redondo

The Compromise of 1850

In the Missouri Compromise they cut California in half so the congressmen argued weather California should be a free or slave state. so they agreed that northern california would enter the union as a free state and the south as a slave state. It made some new laws like in washington DC you couldn't buy or sell any slave. They could still own slaves but they couldn't buy or sell them. In the South the land that was from Mexico got split up into two states New Mexico and Utah. They could decide if they wanted slavery or not. The South also got a new law called The Fugitive Slave Law. This law stated that any slave that escaped from the south into the north shall be captured by bounty hunters and given back to their master.

The significance of the Compromise of 1850 to the Civil war is that it delayed the tensions in the United States postponing the Civil War.

The Fugitive Slave Law

It stated that any slave trying to flee the south to the north to be free will be captured by bounty hunters and returned to their master. The bounty hunter will get paid money for each slave they return back to the south.

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 caused abolitionists to increase their efforts against slavery.

The Dred Scott decision of 1857

Dred Scott was a black slave who was free for a long time in the free slaves with his master but then his master had to come back to a slave state. Dred didn't want to be a slave so he went to the court to ask for his freedom but the court said no because since he was black, he wasn't a citizen and if he wasn't a citizen then he couldn't sue.

The Dred scott Decision was significant to the Civil war because it widened the political gap between the north and the south which led to fighting and the civil war.

The Kansas Nebraska act of 1854

Kansas and Nebraska wanted to become states. Some people were pro-slaves and some people were anti-slaves so that means that the government had a bad time deciding if it would be a free or slave state. It also made Abraham Lincoln interested in politics again.

This significant to the Civil war because it alowed people that live in Kansas or Nebraska to vote weather they wanted slavery or not.

John Brown's Raid in Harpers ferry in 1859

John Brown lede 21 men on a raid to the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. By 36 hours most of Brown's men had already benn killed or captured. He acted as a "Kind Father to the blacks". He gave land to the fugitive slaves. He and his wife agreed to raise a black youth as their own. He alslo participated in the Underground Railroad.

The John brown raid was important because the south got convinced that the abolitionist favoured violent revolution.