Social-Emotional Development

By: Sarais Rosado Hernandez

Temperament- quality & intensity of emotional reactions

  • reactions to the environment
  • there are three types of temperament
  • passivity, irritability, activity patterns

Passivity- actively involved a child is with surroundings

Irritability- tendency to feel distressed

Activity Patterns- levels of movement also vary in infants

Attachment- the strong emotional connection that develops between people

  • cooing
  • kicking
  • gurgling
  • crying
  • clinging

Separation anxiety- another attachment behavior shown by infants

  • 15 months separation is strong
  • 9-18 months are most difficult
  • cries of distress

Normal Development: Birth- Three months

  • excitement by looking alert
  • smiling or wiggling distress= crying
  • no tears when crying

Normal Development: Three- six months

  • respond to others with smile and laughter
  • makes happy sounds when playing
  • tears when crying

Normal Development: six- twelve months

  • more active
  • when playing shows happiness, joy, and surprise
  • makes sounds when others speak
  • cry when caregiver leaves
  • separation anxiety starts to show

Normal Development: Twelve- Twenty four months

  • shows separation anxiety
  • cling to parent when leaving
  • interested in exploring
  • fear unfamiliarity, but curious
  • plays next to others but not interact