The Gold Rush Era
Discovery Of Gold
Edward Hargraves, John Lister and the Tom Brothers
After a while John Lister went to the governor and told him that he should have the credit of finding gold. John Lister and the Tom Brothers showed Edward Hargraves where to find the gold he wanted to find. Edward Hargraves never actually did any mining or panning or cradling. He got Mr Lister and the Tom Brothers to do the cradling, mining and the panning. Mr Hargraves thought he wouldn't need any money because he though his 10 000 pound reward would be enough to last him for his life. Soon later he spent all his money.
Edward Hargraves Birth
Monday, Oct. 7th 1816 at 12am
Gosport, Hampshire, United Kingdom
How was gold found?
Mineshafts were made underground when they were looking for gold deeper than alluvial gold. If they were down in the shafts the other person helping them would have to carry their licence to prove that they do have it. It faced many dangers. For example getting flooded or the roof collapses and many more.
Alluvial gold is gold near the surface of the earth's crust. They use panning and only need a couple of tools for their search to find gold. Alluvial gold is easier to find than shaft and also safer. Once all of the alluvial gold is found they went deeper to mineshafts.
Reef mining is when miners find veins of gold on quartz. If diggers go mining and you find quartz near by it means that there will be gold near the area the miners are in. Sometimes miners found gold with a bit of copper. It is very hard to get the gold out of the quartz and required special material and tools.
Gold was found using panning by shaking the washing stuff out of the gold pan and leaving the heavy gold at the bottom of the pan. Another type of finding gold was using cradles. Cradles have wood sticking out of it to rock the cradle. The cradle had several layers to keep the gold and have the dirt left out with the water.
Who lived on the goldfields?
Who lived on the goldfields?
People from all over Australia and some from over the world. People from the other side of the world had to use boats but people in Australia they had to WALK to the goldfields. Some people were rich enough to hire coaches and horses for travelling. One of the most popular poets, Henry Lawson was born in the goldfields. Many workers and Stay at home people came to the goldfields to seek fortune. Although some people didn't find any fortune the worst still hasn't come. People who were mining in shafts faced many dangers especially for flooding and collapses.
Life In The Gold Fields
The Eureka Stockade played a major part in our world's evolution. It all started when the troops started looking for licences and some people had them about 2 metres apart from the place, they would get tied to a tree. Wars and loud bangs started and many people died in the war for the licences. They made a flag called The Southern Cross. The flag was destined to fly when the people who fought for the licences won against the troopers.
Result of Gold