Civil Rights Movement
Changes From The Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement made the United States a more equal place for everyone to live. It had several groups made to fight for the rights of many people. There were several well-known people and several not as well-known people that led many other people in the fight to desegregate public facilities. These people accomplished a variety of achievements that are still around today, and changing. There are no longer segregated schools, restaurants, and other public facilities, everyone shares making the United States a more equal and just society.
In this flier you'll read about several strategies that were used everyday in the fight against segregation. The flier also tells about a song that explains what Black Americans went through during the Civil Rights Movement. There are also two Civil Rights Movement group descriptions that tell who they are, what they do, and how they work.
Strategies Used During The Civil Rights Movement
During the Civil Rights Movement multiple strategies were used to fight and desegregate public facilities such as buses, schools, libraries, and restaurants. All these strategies are examples of nonviolent protest. The protestors refused to fight back and continued to remain nonviolent.
Many used sit-ins at lunch counters by sitting at counters intending to be served. If they were served they would move on to the next lunch counter, and if they were not served they would remain at the counter until they were served or removed the counter. If the group was arrested a new group would take their place. Each group remained nonviolent and respectful the whole time, they had "do's" and "don'ts" while doing a sit-in.
Another strategy used was through court case fighting. They fought in court to desegregate public schools. Thurgood Marshall argued 32 court cases, and won 29 on desegregating public schools. During the Brown vs Board of Education they overturned Plessy vs Ferguson that said "separate but equal," and ruled "there is no place for separate but equal in public education."
Boycotts were also used to desegregate public facilities. For example Rosa Parks had enough of segregated buses and decided one day to stay seated when told to move back for the white bus riders. She was arrested and fined $10. This was the beginning of the attempt to desegregate Montgomery busses. After 381 days the Montgomery Bus Boycott successfully desegregated all busses in Montgomery, Alabama.
Marches were another strategy used during the Civil Rights Movement. They were used to bring attention to the injustices. They were usually met with police officers and others who disagreed with them and turned the marches back, beat participants, and also killed many. The president provided the marches with military support so the marches could on. The Selma to Montgomery march ended with Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have A Dream" speech. This brought much attention to the segregation and need for desegregation.
They are learning to not react when smoke is blown into their face.
Freedom Riders riding the bus to Montgomery in 1961. They were attacked along the way.
Black American sitting next to a White American
Civil Rights Movement Oraganizations
The Congress of Racial Equality known as the CORE for short, is a civil rights organization that intended to desegregate public facilities in a non-violent way. It was founded in Chicago, Illinois of 1942. They focused on introducing the idea of nonviolent protest to small groups of civil rights activist, they provided nonviolent training, and sit-ins. The sit-ins required them to go into a segregated restaurant and sit there in a hope to desegregate facilities and get served.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People known as the NAACP for short, was an African-American civil rights organization that intended to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights to all people and to eliminate racial segregation. It was founded on February 12, 1909, in New York City. They focused on legal strategies calling for anti-lynching laws and non segregated schools leading to the Brown v. Board of Education, declaring "separate but equal" to be unconstitutional. Also, they did court sit-ins to attack segregation and racial inequality.
Civil Rights Song
"A Change Is Gonna Come" by Sam Cooke tells the truth of what Black Americans were going through during the Civil Rights Movement. The song mainly focuses on Sam Cooke's life and what he went through. This music has so many feelings, it has a sad tone but then it changes into a powerful courageous tone.
In the first and second stanza Cooke talks about how ever since he was born Black Americans struggled but he knew that a change was gonna come. In the fifth stanza he talks about how he was told not to go to the movies or downtown because he could get hurt. This reminds me of how they had bathrooms, restaurants, and drinking fountains and they were segregated. In the seventh stanza I feel like his "brother" are the whites and he's asking for them to accept the blacks but they never do and they just keep knocking them down.
This song is very hopeful. Even though many bad things were happening and things weren't moving as fast as they hoped, Cooke knew that a change was gonna come.