The Abbasid Dynasty
The Abbasid Caliphate was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Abbasid dynasty descended from Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, from whom the dynasty takes its name. In Islamic history, Abbasid was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Muslim empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs. Their claim to power was finally ended in 1258, when Hulagu Khan, the Mongol general, sacked Baghdad.
The Histories Part 62: The Abbasid Dynasty
- While they continued to claim authority in religious matters from their base in Egypt, their dynasty was ended.
- The Abassids also distinguished themselves from the Umayyads by attacking their secularism, their moral character and their administration in general.
- The Abbasids was a dynasty of caliphs who ruled the caliphate of Islam from 750 until 1258.
- The Abbasids was the name of a dynasty of Muslim caliphs.
- Their religious authority had been taken over by the religious scholars of Sunni Islam following the failure of the caliphs' attempt to impose their will over them in the trial of strength known as the Mihna (833-847).
- As a result of this episode the caliphs were restricted to a largely symbolic role as merely nominal leaders of Sunni Islam. Followers of Shiism rejected the Abbasids completely.
- The political fragmentation of the caliphate led to the emergence of many local courts and centers of power, which also encouraged the development of science and philosophy as well as poetry and prose, art, and architecture.
Social Developments of The Abbasid
- The Abbasid Caliphate, which ruled the Islamic world, oversaw the golden age of Islamic culture. The dynasty ruled the Islamic Caliphate from 750 to 1258 AD, making it one of the longest and most influential Islamic dynasties. For most of its early history, it was the largest empire in the world, and this meant that it had contact with distant neighbors such as the Chinese and Indians in the East, and the Byzantines in the West.
- The Abbasid Dynasty overthrew the preceding Umayyad Dynasty, which was based in Damascus, Syria. The Umayyads had become increasingly unpopular, especially in the eastern territories of the caliphate. The most numerous group of mawali were the Persians, who lived side- by-side with Arabs in the east who were angry at the favor shown to Syrian Arabs. Other Muslims were angry with the Umayyads for turning the caliphate into a hereditary dynasty. Some believed that a single family should not hold power, while Shiites believed that true authority belonged to the family of the Prophet Muhammad through his son-in-law Ali.
2 Questions we would like to ask our Fellow Classmates, Class of 2018 !
1. WHAT CHANGES DID THE ABBASID RULERS BRING TO THE WORLD OF ISLAM ?
2.WHO WAS THE FOUNDER OF ISLAM ?