African Lion

Panthera leo


  • Domain Eukarya: This domain can be single celled or multicellular. This class contains an organism with a nucleus.
  • Kingdom Animalia: Have the ability to move sometime in there life. They all are multicellular.
  • Phylum Chordata: Have a complete digestive system. They also have bilateral symmetry.
  • Subphylum Vertebrata: This class always have a backbone no matter what. They also have a endoskeleton.
  • Class Mammalia: The lion has a backbone and has a big main covering his face. Has baby cubs.
  • Order Carnivora: Hunt in groups so they don't get eaten while hunting. Circle there prey and all attach at once.
  • Family Felidae: They have retractable claws to get there prey when they need to. They can also climb very good.
  • Genus Panthera: This class only for the lion.
  • Species: Panthera leo

General Description

  • Height: Lions are 77 to 109 cm (31-43')
  • Length: The length of a lion is the HB length is 158-250 cm (62-98') and the tail length is 61-100 cm (24-39')
  • Weight: The weight of a lion is 122-225 kg (269-496 lbs)
  • Color: The male lions have a noticeable yellowish to dark brown main on the hair of the neck and shoulders. The male and female have a tawny color. Can also sometimes be silvery gray. There iris is a yellowish color.
  • Natural Range: The African lions can be found live in most of the sub-Saharan Africa. Except they cannot live in desert and rain forest habitats. They can also live in national parks and other protected areas with not a lot of people. Or in the zoo where they are taken care of and fed.
  • Diet: They take the largest species of cats. They also eat wildebeest, buffalo, zebra, and the young of hippo, elephants, giraffes, mammals, and birds.
  • Habitat Description: The lions live in the grassland and in plains with always a large prey base. Lions are capable of living at high altitudes. There is a big population of lion all over the world.
  • Predators: Adult lions have no natural predators except humans. Some humans hunt lions. Hyenas are known for killing cubs, juveniles, or weak and sick adult lions.

Physical Adaptations

These are my physical adaptations for a lion. The cubs have brown spots on there grayish coat so they can blend in very well in the long grass so they won't get hurt or killed. They have the brown spots until they are 3 months old. Adult lions grow retractable claws so if they are trying to kill there prey it is easier to do it. The baby cubs grow those retractable claws. Before they grow those there parents take care of them and protect them. Lions have a very muscular body so that they don't have fat. It helps them run faster so they can catch there prey. They can run really really really fast. There paws are very strong. They can hit a zebra and it can break there back. There paws help them kill there prey. They have really sharp teeth that can bite through a bone. They have this so when they get there prey on the ground they will be able to eat it themselves or carry it in there mouth back to there family and back to there home. Lions also have a pretty good hearing system. There system can make them here from like really far way. They can growl at there prey and intimate there prey. They can actually also talk to there family and kids by growling or talking.

Behavioral Adaptations

Lions are really good at hunting. They can hunt really good while sneaking up on there prey. That is how they survive and get there food really easy. Also lions can't run long distances but can run 40 miles an hour. They approach there prey by circling them and then all attacking at once. Lions usually attack by breaking there neck off. It usually works because animals can't run without a neck because the neck is what keeps them steadily. They can also leap at there hind legs and drag them down to the ground in a flash. They also stalk prey, ambushing, and hunting. Girl lions stalk there prey by growling at there prey. Roaring of a male lion means that they are trying to scare there prey out of the territory so they can claim there reward. Lions also have family. The female lion has several baby's at one time. The mom keeps there baby's for 8 months and then they go away and live on there own. Also lions teach their young like humans. They teach them how to walk and how to hunt and do other stuff to live. Also lions are not afraid of anything. Lions have no natural predators except for humans. Some humans hunt them for there meat and for food.


Burton, M. (2002). Lion. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 11, pp. 1460-1463). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.

International society for endangered cats. (2015). Retrieved March 13, 2015, from Wild Cats website:

To cite this page: Harrington, E. 2004. "Panthera leo" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at