Deep Vein Thrombosis

By: Riley Flores & Camryn Basile

What is it?

Deep Vein Thrombosis is a blood clot in a deep vein, usually located in the legs.

Who is likely to get this disease?


You are more likely to get this disease if you are experiencing one or more of the following:

  • Family History of DVT
  • Having thickened blood (could happen from birth control pills, blood disorders, etc.)
  • Injury to a deep vein
  • Pregnancy
  • Treatment for Cancer
  • A central venous catheter
  • Old age
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

Symptoms

Although the disease sometimes shows no symptoms, here are some a person might experience:


  • Swelling or Pain
  • Warm skin
  • Red or discolored skin
  • Visible Veins
  • Tired legs

How it is diagnosed

The doctor will diagnose it using your medical history, a physical exam, and test results. The physical exam/test will most likely be a ultrasound, which will be used by looking at the sound waves to see the blood flowing through veins and arteries in your affected area.

Treatment

The most common medicine used by doctors to help treat the disease are Anticoagulants

  • Also known as a blood thinner.
  • Warfarin and Heparin are examples of blood thinners


Another method of treatment is to have a Vena Cava Filter inserted into your Vena Cava

  • The filter can stop blood clots from traveling to the lungs and preventing Pulmonary Embolism.

The patient can also wear a Graduated Compression Stocking, to cease swelling in the legs and create pressure to improve blood flow

Prognosis

  • DVT can often go away with no issues, but the disease can return.
  • But if a blood clot breaks off and gets logged in the lung, creating pulmonary embolism, then your life can be put at risk.


DVT Prevention
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