Mining & Fracking

Carly and Avery


A type of mining where the soil and rock on top are removed.

Differences: More direct. Sediments are deposited closer to the top.

Strip Mining: Scraping away earth to get to the coal that is near the surface,

Destroys landscapes, forests and wildlife habitats


Mining by drilling beneath layers of rock and soil.

Differences: Moore difficult to reach from the surface. Sediments deposited further away from the surface.

Examples: Horizontal Tunnel and Vertical tunnels

Produce large amounts of hazardous acid drainage that can leak into streams and rivers.


The process of injecting liquids into the earth at a high pressure to crack open the ground to get to the fuels.

Effects: Toxins come into contact with ground water polluting the water.

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