Mining & Fracking
Carly and Avery
A type of mining where the soil and rock on top are removed.
Differences: More direct. Sediments are deposited closer to the top.
Strip Mining: Scraping away earth to get to the coal that is near the surface,
Destroys landscapes, forests and wildlife habitats
Mining by drilling beneath layers of rock and soil.
Differences: Moore difficult to reach from the surface. Sediments deposited further away from the surface.
Examples: Horizontal Tunnel and Vertical tunnels
Produce large amounts of hazardous acid drainage that can leak into streams and rivers.
The process of injecting liquids into the earth at a high pressure to crack open the ground to get to the fuels.
Effects: Toxins come into contact with ground water polluting the water.