Reproductive System Physical Exams
By: Sophia Donnici
A mammogram is an exam that involves an X-ray machine that checks breast tissue for any unusual tissue or tumors that would indicate breast cancer. A mammogram exam is for men and women but breast cancer is more common in women than in men. It is recommended that people begin doing mammogram screenings at around age 40 and should have these exams done every two years.
A Pap Smear is a medical test to help a medical professional determine if there are any problems with a females cervix like infections or cancer. The medical professional uses a small to collect a sample of mucus from the cervix. The sample is then sent to a lab to get it tested. Pap Smear's are only for females and it's recommended that a woman should start doing these tests regularly at the age of 21. A woman should have this test done every 3 years.
Testicular exams are are self examinations a male can do on himself to look for any unusual bumps that could be signs of testicular cancer. Testicular exams are done by the male by feeling for lumps in the testicles. The man can perform this exam on himself without a medical professional. These self examinations should be completed at least every month stated at age 15.
Prostate exams are physical tests done on males to diagnose if a man has cancer. Prostate exams are only for men and are done by a medical professional. The doctor will perform a blood test and/or a physical exam where they stick their finger up the mans rectum to feel the prostate gland. Prostate tests should be done for men at the age of 40 and should be completed at least every 4 years.