Estonia

By: Jiarui QIn

The Journey: A Brief Introduction To Estoria

Tere, or hello in Estonian. This country has fairy tale like cities and lush forests, a perfect place to travel to. Along the way you can expect to find some crazy things and facts around this packet too. You can expect to find all the basic information you need to know about Estonia here, including geography, culture, government, etc. Noh, mida sa ootad? Lahme! - Well, what are you waiting for? Let's go!

Geography and Travel

Up above are the maps of Estonia. It shows where it is located in the world, it's physical features, and the cities in Estonia. The land forms of Estonia are mainly bays and straits, since of most of Estonia being flat, close to sea level, but the highest peak in Estonia is Suur Manamagi or Big Egg Mountain, where it's located near the village Haanja. The biggest lake in Estonia is Lake Peipus, where it is the boundry of Russia and Estonia. The two most important rivers in Estonia is the Narva and Emajogi. The reasons why they are important is that the Narva is an important river as a trading port to Russia and the Emajogi is the fully navigable river in Estonia. The average climate of Estonia is fairly average and mild. They have nice warm summers and harsh winters. The average temperature there is around 70F in the summer and 18F in the winter.

Now if you want to travel there, there are plenty of attractions, mostly all of them are natural attractions and for sightseeing. Some examples are the Kaali Crater, which is the largest meteorite that struck a densely populated area, and the Helme Teutonic Castle, which are currently in ruins. The history of the castle is that it looked indestructible; no one can tear it apart, after all the many attacks from the enemy. But the enemy thought of a sly plan and the castle was finally defeated. For transportation, they mainly use buses, taxis, and trains. Cars are rare. They also mainly walk and run since they are health conscious.

Government/Foreign Policy

Now, the Estonian government is a parliamentary democracy like Albania. The people choose their representatives in which the representatives choose a prime minister. That's similar to the United States except that we choose both our representatives and president. The current prime minister is Toomas Hendrik Ilves. It basically goes like this:

Executive Branch: Prime Minister

Legislative Branch: Riigikoku

Judicial Branch: Supreme Court ( Civil Chamber, Criminal Chamber, Constitutional Review Chamber, and Administrative Chamber.)

Estonia is also a limited government, similar like the United States. Speaking of similarities, what are the the similarities and differences of US and Estonian citizens?Well, they both are able to vote and have most of the same laws to follow. Some differences is that while US citizens vote for both the representatives and President, Estonian citizens only vote for the representatives. Also when an Estonian baby is born, it will be Estonian only if the child had one or more Estonian parent. For the US, the child just had to be born in the US. Now, Estonia doesn't have much issues with finances and economy, but it is very solitary. They do not interact with the other countries that much.

Economy

Estonia uses euros as their currency. One US dollar equals 0.90 Euro. Estonia exports food, machinery, minerals, metals, etc. They import the same things they exports but they also import communication and transportation devices. Estonia's GDP per capita is $27,900 or 25001.12 in euros. That is relatively not much, compared to the other countries 30,000 and 40,000 euros, but that's even less than the United States $54,000, or 48389.27 euros. But Estonia is still #1 country in Europe to have the lowest debt, despite it's GDP per capita.

Social and Ethnic Groups

There are more than 100 ethnic groups, the top 3 being Estonian, Russian, and Ukrainian. The only biggest conflict really was a great debate between Estonians and the Russian a long time ago. Now usually children can either go to school or be home schooled. At age 3, they go to nursery schools and for special needs people, they go to nursery school at age 7. After that it's primary school then secondary school an so and so on. Now, women's rights and men's rights. They both get about the same amount of freedom. But Estonian women are more educated than the men since they stay in school longer. Now, that doesn't mean that the men's literacy rate is lower. Both the men and women's literacy rate is 99.8%. From the information of this, I would say that they spend in their daily life reading at least once a day.

Religion, Language, Country Flag

Now, the most dominant language spoken in Estonia is Estonian and the dominant religion is Lutheran. The Estonian flag was made on May 8,1990. The blue meant loyalty and the country's sky and lakes. The black meant past harms and fertile soil. The white meant the long winters and Estonia's fight for freedom and independence.

Traditional Holidays or Festivals, Traditional Clothing, and Food

For the festival I'm choosing, it is St.John's Day or Midsummer's Day. It starts at June 23-24 and they celebrate it to the longest day of the year. It looks like night and day are merging together. The festival starts on the evening of June 23 to the morning of June 24. They have a huge bonfire and dance around it, eat, spend time with family and friends, and overall have a great time. A type of food that they usually eat is shashlyk, meat that is covered in lemon and onion, and put on a skewer. Mega Yum!


( Spreadsheet Link On Title )

From the data gathered from the charts, it seems that the top three are usually Estonian, Russian, and Ukrainian. It was obvious that the first would be Estonia. It also seemed obvious since Russia and Ukraine are close to Estonia. It make sense since Russia and Estonia are close partners in trading and exporting, and it might be the same with Ukraine.

Fun Facts On Estonia

1) Estonia is the #1 best preserved medieval city in Northern Europe


2) Estonia is about 50% forest


3) Has a population of 1.3 million and but the country is bigger than Denmark and Holland combined


4) Over 2000 islands


5) #1 of most folk songs in the world


6) Most people do not believe in religion in Estonia


7) Digital Society


8) Has two independence days


9) #1 country with fallen meteorites in the world


10) Invented Skype


11) Second place of highest literacy rate with 99.8%


12) Invented kiiking, which is an extremer version of swinging in a 360 degree circle


13) First country to vote electronically


14) Invented Marzipan


15) head aega!