The coolest biome

Where is the Tundra Biome located

The Arctic Tundra is at the top of the world near the North Pole

Climate of the Tundra Biome

The average summer temperature is 3-12° C, while the average winter temperature is around -34° C.

The annual precipitation, Including melting snow, is around 15 to 25 cm.

There is a short growing season that ranges from 50 to 60 days a year

Plant Life

Plants are short to resist cold temperatures. Plants are grouped together to resist cold temperatures. Plants are dark in color to absorb solar heat. They are covered in hair to help keep them warm. They have dish like flowers that follow the sun which focuses more solar heat towards the center of the flower which helps keep them warm.

Five specific Animals

  1. Cushion Plants grow in small tight packs to stay warm
  2. Arctic Moss can store food from spring and use it through out the year
  3. The Prairie Cocrus grows hairs and grows close to the ground
  4. The Purple Saxifrage grows furry ends to keep warm
  5. The Arctic Puppy has cup shaped flowers

Animals in the Tundra

Characteristics of animals in the Tundra Biome

Animals may have hollow hairs for better insulation, fur or other types of thick hair for warmth, strategic hibernation routines. Also, they may have blubber, fat, or other types of strategies to survive this harsh biome

  1. Caribou have grown long hairs to help keep warm in the Tundra
  2. Arctic Wolves

    have a thick undercoat of soft fur and an overcoat of long, thick hair and smaller, rounder ears to help prevent heat loss

  3. Lemmings use there dark reddish color to help absorb heat
  4. Arctic Grounds Squirrels make den to stay underground during harsh weather
  5. Polar Bears have thick, oily coats, and a layer of blubber under their skin to keep warm.

Predator Pray Relationships:

The Polar bear preys on the Arctic Fox.

The Wolf preys on the Caribou.

The Snowy Owl preys on the Lemmings.

The Arctic Fox preys on the Snowy Owl

Cooperation and Competition:

  1. Competition between a Musk Ox and a Caribou. Both species have similar diets When food is tough to find, there may be some competition between the two organism to find food.
  2. Cooperation in the Tundra happens when Polar Bears let Arctic Foxes eat there scraps.

Additional Information about the Tundra

Tthe Tundra only has one growing tree, the dwarf willow tree
The Tundra is the second most deadly environments of the world

Ecological Concerns about the Tundra

Global warming

With such extreme temperatures it is vital that the Tundra's temperatures stay set, and global warming is changing that, causing Tundra to shrink. Animals are loosing there homes because of global warming

Endangered species to the tundra

  1. Polar Bear
  2. Arctic Fox
  3. Arctic Peregrine Falcon
  4. Wood Bison