Raphael

By: Charlie Statires

Biography

Raffaello Sanzio, known as Raphael, was born on April 6, 1483 in Urbino, Italy to a painter and a house wife. As a baby he was sheltered by his mother and kept very safe from having contact with the outside world. His father was a painter who worked for the family of Frederico da Montefeltro. Raphael worked in his father's workshop, where his father taught him artistic skills until his father died when he was 11 years old. His mother died when he was only 8 years old. After his father's death a local painter, name Timoteo Viti, taught Raphael art until he was 17 years of age. Raphael then was an apprentice to Perugino who taught Raphael, in Perugia, his ways of painting and later had Raphael work in his workshop. Then later when Raphael was 21 years old he traveled to Florence where he took in the styles of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Some of the patrons that he had were Florentine merchants like the Medicis, patrician families of Perugia and Pope Julius II and Pope Leo X. For the rest of his life he stayed in Florence and paid shorts visits to Rome where he died on April 6, 1520.


Artworks By Raphael

School of Athens

The name of this piece is called The School of Athens. It was created in 1510 - 1512. This piece is presently located in Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace , Vatican State. The significance about this piece is that it has a lot of the greatest philosophers back in the ancient world back in Greece and Rome like Plato. It also includes some of the greatest artist back during the time Raphael painted this painting. It includes Leonardo da Vinci. One of the new techniques used in the painting was perspective. The painting had depth and looks 3D. I find this piece so interesting because of how Raphael was able to fit a lot of the most influential and smartest people into one painting and even though some of them are from different time periods from others. Also each of the people has their own unique characteristics. Another very interesting part is each of the people have each of there own discoveries and beliefs included in the painting. This piece of work exemplifies humanism instead of religion. Its focus on human achievement and the painting is a reference to the ancient world of Greece and Rome.


Citations

"Raphael." Authors and Artists for Young Adults. Vol. 65. Detroit: Gale, 2005. Biography in Context. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


Raphael. School of Athens. 1510-1512. Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives), Stanza Della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Vatican State. Http://library.artstor.org/library/iv2.html?parent=true#. Artstor. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


Raphael. Self Portrait. 1509. Italian and Other European Art (Scala Archives), Galleria Degli Uffizi. Http://library.artstor.org/library/iv2.html?parent=true#. Artstor. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


Raphael. The Crucified Christ with the Virgin Mary, Saints and Angels (The Mond Crucifixion). 1502-1503. The National Gallery, London, The National Gallery, London Mond Bequest, 1924. Http://library.artstor.org/library/iv2.html?parent=true#. Artstror. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


Raphael. Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio De' Medici and Luigi De' Rossi. 1517-1518. Art History Survey Collection, Uffizi, Florence.Http://library.artstor.org/library/iv2.html?parent=true#. Artstor. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.