Jimmy Carter

Election of Carter

  • Republican: Jimmy Cater
  • Democratic: Gerald Ford
  • Carter won by 40,831,881 popular vote and he carried 23 states

Humanitarian efforts

  • In September of 1978 at Camp David, carter invited Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
  • On September 17, 1978 they signed a treaty saying that Israel will return land back to Egypt and Egypt will respect Israel's borders.
  • This ended 30 years of hostility
  • Carter cut off aid to countries with leaders who were violating human rights
  • Supported countries that recognized human rights
  • Resumed diplomatic relation with China in 1979

Economic and energy issues

  • Prices had been rising
  • increasing at a rate of more than 10%
  • Americans paid more for foreign products
  • Oil shocks taught Americans to not consider a policy of economic isolation
  • Carter called for legislation to improve energy conservation
  • Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran was overthrown by Muslim extremists

  • Iran stopped sending oil to other countries

  • This made the oil prices go up

Beginning of the Iranian hostage crisis in 1979

  • In June of 1979, President Crater and Soviet leader Brezhnev singed SALT II agreements
  • On November 4, 1979, mob of anti- American extremists stormed US embassy, and took the people as hostages
  • They wanted American gov to return the shah (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi)
  • Iranian government refused to go against people who followed Ayatollah Khomeini
  • This lead to a Iranian Hostage Crisis
  • Soviets invaded Afghanistan on December 27, 1979
  • Carter tried to applied economic sanctions against the Iranians
  • Ordered rescue mission's, which failed