Social- Emotional Development

Birth to Age Two


  • Temperament refers to intensity of emotional reactions.
  • Passivity, irritability, activity patterns are part of temperament.
  • Passivity- how child is actively involved with surroundings
-Passive infants withdraw from new/ unrecognizable environments

  • Irritability- persons tendency to feel distressed.
-high level of irritability- difficult to calm down.

  • Activity patters- a child's level of movement.
-Some children may be quiet/ little movement

-Others will be loud with constant movement


  • Strong emotional connection
  • develops between people
  • the quality of attachment depends on adult
  • behaviors- crying, clinging, kicking, cooing, and laughing
  • Starts around 6 months
  • Strongest around 15 months

Changes over Time

  • child changes drastically over time
  • caregivers actions determine these changes

Twelve to Twenty-Four Months

  • still show separation anxiety
  • interested in exploring, fear the unfamiliar
  • play next to children with no interaction
  • more aware of abilities
  • profoundness and frustration are noticeable
  • self awareness comes withe the word "no"