Greek Civilization

700 B.C.-212 B.C.

Hermes- The Messenger God

Hermes was born in the cave of a mountain, he is the son of Zues and Maia. His duty was to carry messages from god to god. He is the fastest of the gods, though his symbol is the turtle. He also served as the guide of the souls of the dead on their journey to the underworld.


Interesting Facts

- Invented Music

- Has winged sandals

The Greek Mind

Topic #1, The Sophists- The Sophists taught most subjects but were most well known for their rhetoric teaching. One of the things that separated the Sophists from other philosophical group was that they believed that the Gods did not influence human kinds actions. Many people also disagreed with the fact that they also took money for their teachings.

Topic #2, Ancient Greek Medicine- Ancient Greece influenced many things, one of them being the future of medicine. A famous physician was Hippocrates, he came up with the new method of doctoring known as a diagnosis.

Topic #3, The First Scientists- The ancients Greeks made many scientific discoveries, but they believed the discoveries came from the Gods. Thales of Miletus was one of the first great Greek scientists. He did not have a telescope, though he was an astronomer. He used other mathematical approaches to make his discoveries.

Alexander's Empire

Topic #1, A Divided Empire- Alexander the Great was a fearless general who became the ruler of many lands. During his rule, things like literature, music, and technology flourished. His accomplishments marked the Hellenistic Era.

Topic #2, The Hellenistic Kings- The kings of the Hellenistic Era were very biased. But with their rule new cities sprouted, military posts were established, and culture was spread widely.

Topic #3, Conquering Greece- Alexander the Great's father was Phillip II, in 359 B.C. he became king of Macedonia. Over time he slowly took Greece city states. Either by force, or by their submission. When he perished, Alexander took the reigns.

Hellenistic Culture

Topic #1, Hellenistic Arts- During the Hellenistic Era, culture and population flourished. Many people, mainly scholars, were attracted especially to Alexandria; the capital of Egypt because of it's library. This commune of great minds lead to great things.

Topic #2, Buildings And Statues- During the Hellenistic Era, architecture flourished as well. Large sums of money were put toward hiring sculptors, and paving monuments of exquisite design.

Topic #3, Who was Epicurus- Epicurus was an Ancient Greek philosopher who believed life should be spent achieving happiness and pleasure with your surroundings. Today, Epicurean means the love of physical pleasure.